if . Jocelyii.
^:E^. EilLISIHA MlT^MIEILILi, l])=]n)
Processor of chemistrt, mlneralog^ .and geoi.ogt,
IS THE XrsiVEKSTTT Or SORTH CAUOXIXA .
.ue'. ±Oi' tile PliilfUiflironTr- Societr ul tl) e TTiivecsxt^r.
KEY. ELISHA MITCHELL, D. I).
LATE PKOFESSOR OF CHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY & GEOLOGY
IN THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA :
THE TRIBUTES OF RESPECT TO HIS MEMORY, BY VARIOUS
PUBLIC MEETINGS AND LITERARY ASSOCIATIONS,
THE ADDRESSES DELIVERED
AT THE RE-INTERMENT OF HIS REMAINS,
ET. EEY. JAMES H. OTEY, D. D.,
BISHOP OF TENNESSEE,
HOE". DAYID L. SWAm, LL. D.,
PRESIDENT OF THE UNIVERSITY.
CHAPEL HILL :
PUBLISHED BY J. M. HENDERSON,
PEINXER TO THE UNIVERSITT,
COMMITTEE OF PUBLICATION :
PROFESSORS HUBBARD, SHIPP AND WHEAT.
MEMOIR, BY PROFESSOR C. PHILLIPS, ----- 5
SEARCH FOR PROFESSOR MITCHELL'S BODY, - - - 13
FUNERAL SERMON BY DR. CHAPMAN, 20
Meeting at Asheville ;
" " Chapel Hill ;
" " Fatetteville ;
" " GrEENSBO ROUGH ;
" " AVilmington; .----■- 26—34
TESTIMONIALS OF RESPECT :—
Resolutions of the Trustees of the University:
" OF the Faculty ;
" of the Students ;
" of the Dialectic Society ;
*' of the Philanthropic Society ;
" OF THE Trustees of Davidson College ;
" OF THE Faculty of Davidson College ;
" OF THE Commissioners of Chapel Hill ;
Minute of the Presbytery of Orange ;
*' OF THE Synod of North Carolina, - - - 35 — 44
THE RE-INTERMENT :—
Proposed Monument ;
Proceedings of the 16th of June — Mr. Battle's Letter ;
Mount Mitchell, a Poem, 45 53
BISHOP OTEY'S FUNERAL ORATION, 55
PRESIDENT SWAIN'S ADDRESS, ^5— 88
BY PROFESSOR CHARLES PHILLIPS.
ELISHA MITCHELL^ D. B., Professor of Chemistry, Mineralogy, ami
Geology iu the University of North Carolina, was born in Washington,
Litchfield County, Connecticut, on the 19th of August, 1793. He was
the eldest son of Abxer Mitchell, a respectable farmer of that town-
ship, whose wife, Piicebe Eliot, was a descendant in the fifth generation
of Joiix Eliot, the celebrated " Apostle to the Indians." Dr. Mitchell
wa.x thus a member of a family now very widely spread over the United
States, and reckoning many who have exercised much influence in Com-
merce, Politics, Science, and Religion. He possessed many of the charac-
teristics which marked the Eliots, especially of the earlier generations.
The Rev. Jared Eliot, M. D. and D. D., minister for many years at Kil-
lingworth, Connecticut, was Dr. Mitchell's great-grandfather. He wavS
distinguished in his own times for his knowledge of History, Natural
Philosophy, Botany, and Mineralogy, while as a theologian he was sound
in the faith and delighted in the doctrines of Gospel Grace. Among his
ctjrrespondents were Dr. Franklix and Bishop Berkeley, and in 1762 he
was honored by the Royal Society of London with a gold medal for a
valuable discovery in the manufacture of Iron. This ancestor Dr. Mit-
chell closely resembled in many peculiarities of body and soul. Both
were men of large stature, of great bodily strength, of untiring activity^
of restless curiosity, of varied and extensive attainments, of a quaint and
cjuiet humor, of persevering generosity, and of a well established piety.
This desire for excellence in things pertaining to the mind was a pronii^
nent feature in Br. Mitchell's character from early childhood. When
only four years old he acted a spirited part in an exhibition of the school
he then attended, greatly to his own satisfaction, and to the delight of hin
friends. As he grew older, he was never so well pleased as when his
playmates would gather around him to hear him tell what he had read iu
his books, and explain the pictures they contained. His preparation for
college was completed by the Rev. Azel Backus, D. D., who maintained
for many years a classical school at Bethlem in Litchfield County, and
was afterwards the first President of Hamilton College in New York. Dr.
Backus was famous in his day for skill in training boys. He exercised a
very strong control, over even the vicious, by his genial disposition, his
good common sense, his keen wit, his unsleeping vigilance, his long suf-
fering patience, his respectable attainments in Science, and his devout
deference to the will of God. Those who knew Dr. Mitchell will readily
perceive that many of his excellent peculiarities, as a man and as a Profes-
sor, must have received an important developement by his association with
Dr. Mitchell graduated at Yale College in 1813. along with' the Hon.
George E. Badger, Dr. Olmsted, President Longstreet, Mr. Thomas P. De-
VEREUX, the Rev. Mr. Singletary, and others who have been of note in
various walks in life. Among these he was counted as one of the best
scholars in their class, being especially distinguished for his knowledge of
English Literature. He was very popular with his College mates, and the
younger members of the Institution especially delighted to do him honor.
The College Society to which he belonged depended on him to gain it cred-
it on public occasions. His fine physiognomy, the dignity of his person,
the originality of his discussions, and the humor that enlivened them, ren-
dered his orations acceptable to his audiences, and secured him respect
from men of taste and education. It was not till the Senior year that he
became thoughtful on the subject of Religion. The kind and gentle per-
suasions of a classmate — a man of humble powers of mind but of exempla-
ry piety — had great influence in leading him to that serious examination
of his life and hopes, which resulted in his conversion.
On quitting College, Dr. Mitchell taught in a school for boys, under the
care of Dr. Eigenbrodt, at Jamaica, in Long Island. Afterwards, in the
Spring of 1815, he took charge of a school for girls in New London, Con-
necticut. Here he formed an acquaintance with Miss Maria S. North,
who was the daughter of an eminent physician of that place, and became
his wife in 1819. Experience has shown the wisdom of this choice, inas-
much as for nearly forty years this lady presided over his household, so as
to command his entire esteem and confidence. In 1816 |Dr. Mitchell
became a Tutor in Yale College, and while so engaged he was recommen-
ded to the favorable notice of the Trustees of the University of North Car-
olina. This was done through Judge Gaston, by the Rev. Sereno E. D wight,
a son of President Dwight, and at that time Chaplain to the Senate of the
United States. Ever since 1802 one of the most active and judicious of
the Trustees of the University, Judge Gaston was at that time a member
of the House of Representatives, and on terms of intimacy with Mr.
DwiGHT. Because of this recommendation, in 1817, these gentlemen
were appointed each to a professorship in the University of North Caroli-
na — 'Dr. Mitchell to the chair of Mathematics then vacated by Dr. Cald-
well's elevation to the Presidency, and Dr. Olmsted to the chair of Chemis-
try, then first established at the University. After spending a short time
at the Theological Seminary in Andover, Massachusetts, and receiving a
license to preach the Gospel from an orthodox Congregational Association
in Connecticut, Dr. Mitchell reached Chapel Hill on the last day of Janu-
ary, 1818, and immediately began to discharge his duties as a professor —
a labor from which he ceased only by reason of death. In the discharge
of these duties he exhibited an energy, a vigilance, an intelligence, a good
common sense, a self denial, an attention to minute particulars, and a suc-
cess rarely surpassed or even equalled. During the thirty'uine-and-a-half
years of his connection with the University his absences from his post on
account of sickness, visits to the seat of government, attendance on eccle-
siastical bodies, and from all other causes, did not occupy, on an averag<^,
more than three days in a year. Indeed, it may be safely stated that,
throughout that entire period, his days and his nights, in term time and
in vacation, were devoted to his professorship. No one of the hundreds of
Students who have been connected with the University during the last
generation will be able to recall the memory of his absence from morning
and evening prayers but as a rare exception to a general rule.
Dr. Mitchell preached his first sermon in the College Chapel shortly
after his arrival there, and his last in Salisbury, North Carolina, when on
his way to the scene of the labours that cost him his life. He was ordain-
ed to the full work of the Christian Ministry by the Presbytery of Orange
in Hillsborough, North Carolina, in the fall of 1821. During his long
ministry there were very lew weeks in which he did not declare to his fel-
low men the will of God for their salvation. He always and most heartily
acknowledged that this Kosmos, with whose varied phenomena he was very
conversant, was created and controlled by a personal God, whose wisdom,
power, goodness, and holiness he set forth with no little skill, and often
with a very striking originality. This he did during a time wherein too
many of his associates in the investigation of Nature indulged in si-ecula-
tions, and clothed them in language, that ignored the existence of an au-
thoritative revelation concerning Creation and Providence. His minute ac-
quaintance with the Archaiology and Geography of the Holy Scriptures
rendered his exposition of them at times luminous in a remarkable de-
gree, and, most deeply interesting. For the redemption of the one race of
mankind, from the abyss of sin and misery into which the fall of Adam had
plunged it, he looked only to the mystery of the Cross inwrought by the
Holy Ghost and received by Faith into the heart of each individual, and
he rested his own soul thereon with sincere and deep felt emotions. Dur-
ing his eventful life he was ever an attentive observer of the signs of the
times, being a great reader of newspapers and other periodicals. In these
Le had noticed so many associations for the reformation of the evils in hu-
manity, skilfully organized and vehemently recommended, and after all,
superseded by their original projectors, that while he did not oppose
schemes, which, devised by man, relied on the organization of his fellow
men for the attainment of reformation, he was not disappointed when
these attempts failed ; and he persevered in the old way of presenting to
his hearers the necessity of a prompt and persevering dependence on the
power of personal and revealed religion to regulate the «iifections and the
But it v.'as as a professor that Dr. Mitchell displayed the most energy and
accomplished the greatest results. Until 1825 he presided over the depart-
ment of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy. During this period the doc-
trine of Fluxions, now called the Calculus, was introduced into the College
curriculum, and the degree of attainment in other branches of Mathematics
was elevated considerably. In 1825, when Dr. Olmsted accepted a situation
in Yale College, Dr. Mitchell was transferred to the chair thus vacated and
left his own to be filled by Dr. Phillips. The pursuit of Natural Science
had alwa^'^s been a delightful employment with Dr. Mitchell. Even
while a Professor of Mathematics he had frequently indulged his taste for
Botany by pedestrian excursions through the country around Chapel Hill.
After he took upon himself instruction in Chemistry, Mineralogy, and Geol-
ogy he extended and multiplied these excursions, so that v.dien he died lie
was known in almost every part of North Carolina, and he left no one be-
hind him better acquainted with its mountains, vallies, and plains, its^
liirds, beasts, bugs, fishes, and shells, its trees, flowers, vines, and mosses,
its rocks, stones, sands, clays and marls. Although in Silliman's Journal,
and in other periodicals less prominent but circulating more widely nearer
home, he published many of his discoveries concerning North Carolina,
yet it is to be regretted that he did not print more, and in a more perma-
nent form. It would doubtless have thus appeared that he knew and per-
haps justly estimated the worth of many facts which much later investiga-
tors have proclaimed as their own remarkable discoveries. But the infor-
mation he gathered was for his own enjoyment, and for the instruction jf
his pupils. On these he lavished, to their utmost capacity for reception,
the knowledge that he had gathered by his widely extended observations,
and had stored up mainly in the recesses of his own singularly retentive
But it was not only for accuracy and intelligence as a personal observer,
th;it Dr. Mitchell was famous, marked as his exertions were by a won-
derful activiW of bod}-, patience of labour, and insensibility to fatigue.
He read greedily all that he had a chance to read on the subjects directly
or indirectly concerning his professorship, and on many other things be-
sides. So that he well deserved the name of " the walking Encyclopedia."
There were xery few subjects on which men of polite literature, or of ab-
stract as vrell as natural science converse, wherein he was not an intelli-
gent and appreciative listener, or an instructive teachen His knowledge of
(jcography was wonderful. It was a constant amusement for him to read
the advertisements in a large commercial newspaper, to learn what things
were bought and sold in the markets of the world, and then to sit doAvn
and find out where the things were manufactured. Such was his reputa-
tation for these acquisitions that when any one wanted some rare inferma-
tion on a Historical, or Geographical, or more strictly Scientific matter, it
was a common thing to say, " Go, ask Dr. Mitchell." He also kept him-
self supplied with periodicals and magazines in which the Sciences he
taught were developing; for he loved to have his knowledge fresh, and
would not wait for others to winnow the true from the false. He took
pleasure in running the pure motal from the crude ore for himself. His
large library contained something on almost every thing. But it was in
such a form, and obtained in such times, and at such prices that in the
market it never would have brought any approximation to what it cost
him. The Sciences he taught were developing Avhile he taught them, and
he felt it incumbent on him to have at the earliest moment Avhatever
treatise he heard of as likely to secure him the best and latest informa-
tion. ]Much of what Dr. Mitchell had to read is not now necessary, and
many of his acquisitions may seem to others useless, but he thus provided
that no one of his pupils left his laboratory Avithout having an opportunity
(}f learning all that Avas of interest or of use to him on the subjects there
discussed. Nor Avere his remarkable accomplishments as a professor con-
fined to his oAA'n department. In the Ancient Languages he Avas frequent-
ly ready and able to help a colleague who Avas prevented from discharging
his oAvn duties. In the Mathematics he would often, at public examina-
tions, propose such questions as shoAved that his earlier love still retained
a hold on his attention and affections. He Avas a good Avriter, and in the
department of Belles Lettres he Avas a Avell-read and insti-uctive critic.
When it was knoAvn that he Avas to deliver an address before the North
Carolina Agricultural Society, a friend, Avho kneAv him well, exclaimed,
"I'll Avarrant that Dr. Mitchell begins at the garden of .Eden." And so
he did. But by the time that, passing through Egypt and Canaan, Greece
and Rome and Great Britain, he got to Cbatham County in North Carolina,
he furnished, as usual, an essay full of rare information,- judicious sugges-
tions, peculiar humour, and excellent common sense.
As a teacher, Dr. Mitchell took great pains in inculcating the first
principles of Science. These he set forth distinctly in the very beginning
of his instructions, and he never let his pupils lose sight of them. When
brilliant and complicated phenomena were presented for their contempla-
tion, he sought not to excite their wonder or magnify himself in their eyes
as a man of suprising acquirements, or as a most dexterous manipulator,
but to exhibit such instances as most clearly set forth fundamental laws,
and demanded the exercise of a skilful analysis. Naturally of a cautious
disposition, such had been his own experience, and so large was his ac-
quaintance with the experience of others, that he was not easily excited
when others announced unexpected discoveries among the laws and the
phenomena which he had been studying for years as they appeared. —
While others were busy in prophesying revolutions in social or political
economy, he "vv^as quietly awaiting the decisions of experience. He con-
stantly taught his pupils that there were times wherein they must turn
from the voice of the charmer, charm he ever so sweetly. His influence on
the developments of Science was eminently conservative, for he loved the
old landmarks. As a disciplinarian he was vigilant, conscientious, long
suffering, firm, and mild. Believing that the prevention was better than
the cure of the ills of a College life, he was constantly watching to guard
the Students from a violation of the rules of morality and common pro-
priety. When offences were committed, to the offender he set forth his
conduct in its true light, and often with very plain language. But when
punishment was to be inflicted he generally proposed that which appealed
to the culprit's better feelings, and left him a door open for a return to a
better mind and an earnest attempt for his reformation. Many cases are
known where such unwearied and unostentatious kindness has produced
the happiest results. How widely extended it was no one can tell now for
it was almost always shown to the receiver alone. It sprang from a love
to man and fear of God, for Dr. Mitchell never feared the face of his
Dr. Mitchell enjoyed being busy. Neither laziness nor idleness enter-
ed into his composition, so that he always had something which he was
doing heartily. Besides being a Professor, he educated his own children
and especially his daughters to a degree not often attempted. He was
a regular preacher in the College Chapel and in the village Church, the
College Bursar, a Justice of the peace, a Farmer, a Commissioner for
the village of Chapel Hill, and at times its Magistrate of Police. What-
ever plans he laid were generally sketched on a large scale, and when exe-
cuted, they were commonly well done. Although a man of strong feel-
ings, his excitement rarely lasted long, and he did not harbour resentment
even when he had to remove unjust suspicions, or forgive unmerited inju-
ries. His generosity was abundant, and was often appealed to again and
again. No friend of his ever asked him for help without getting all that
he could give him. In this he often swore to his own hurt yet he did not
Such were the leading characteristics of Dr. Mitchell who loved God
and every thing He has made ; and now, while his colleagues mourn for
one who counselled with wisdom and executed with vigour — while men of
Science miss the co-operation of a learned associate members of the Cabi-
net and Ministers to foreign countries, with Senators and Representatives
in Congress, Governors of our States with their Judges and their Legisla-
tors, Ambassadors from the Court of Heaven, and men of renown in
the professsions, learned Professors, with famous School-masters, and
thousands of other pupils in more retired positions rise up in all parts of
our country to do their revered preceptor high honor. His bow abode in
strength to the last, neither was his natural force abated. He died as
Abner died, and because they loved him unlettered slaves as well as migh-
ty men followed his bier weeping.
Dr. Mitchell perished on Saturday, the 27th of June, 1857, in the six-
ty-fourth year of his age. He attempted alone to descend Mt. Mitchell
the highest peak of the Black Mountain which is in Yancey County, North
Carolina. But a thunder storm detained him on the mountain, so that it
was evening and dark as he was groping his way down the mountain's
iiides. Not far from nineteen minutes past eight — for his watch marked
that time — he pitched head-long some forty feet down the precipice into a
small but deep pool of water that feeds the Sugar Camp Fork of Caney
Eiver. At the bottom of this pool he was found on the 8th of July by
Mr. Thomas D. Wilson, who with some two hundred other mountain- men
"were looking for Dr. Mitchell in every glen on the sides of that fearful
anountain mass. This was the fifth visit that Dr. Mitchell had paid to
the Black Mountain, the others being in 1835, 1838, 1844, and 1856 re-
spectively. His object at this time was partly personal, and partly Scien-
tific. He wished to correct the mistakes into which some had ]>een led
concerning his earlier visits, and to so compare the indications of the
Spirit Level and the Barometer, that future explorers of mountain heights
might have increased confidence in the results afibrded them by these in-
-struments. His untimely end left both parts of this work to be completed
by the pious hands of others.
Dr. Mitchell was buried in Asheville, North Carolina, on the 10th of
July, 1857, by the side of one of liis College mates. But at the earnest
solicitation of many friends, and especially of the mountain men of Yancey,
his family allowed his body to be removed and deposited on the top of Mt.
Mitchell. This was done on the 16th of June, 1858. There he shall rest
till the Judgment Day, in a mausoleum such as no other man has ever had.
Reared by the hands of Omnipotence, it was assigned to him by those to
whom it was given thus to express their esteem, and it was consecrated by
the lips of eloquence warmed by affection, amidst the rites of our Holy Re-
ligion. Before him lies the North Carolina he loved so well and served so
faithfully. From his lofty couch its hills and vallies melt into its plains
as they stretch away to the shores of the eastern ocean, whence the dawn
of the last day stealing quietly westward, as it lights the mountain tops
first, shall awake him earliest to hear the greeting of
a^ "Well DOXE GOOD AND FAITHFUL SERVANT."
THE SEARCH FOR PROFESSOR MITCHELL'S BODY.
From the Asheville Spectator.
Messrs. Editors — Having spent a week at the scene of this memorable
calamity, in eearch of the body of Dr. Mitchell, and assisting in its remrn
val after it -"A-as found, I have been requested by sundry citizens to give to
the public a sketch of the deplorable event. In accordance with their re-
quest, I now take my pen to give you all I know of the accident, which
has caused so much sorrowful excitement in this region, and which I
doubt, not will unnerve the public feeling to its centre throughout the
State when the sad tidings shall be generally known.
It is known to all who have felt interested in our State Geography, that
there lately sprung up a dispute between the Hon. T. L. Clingman and
Dr. Mitchell, in regard to one of the high peaks of the Black Mountain
put down in Cook's map as Mt. Clingman. The former alledging that he
was first to measure and ascertain its superior height to any other point
on the range, and the latter gentleman asserting that he was on that same
peak and measured it in the year 1844. After several letters, pro and con,
through the newspapers, Dr. Mitchell announced last fall his intention
of visiting the mountains again for the purpose of re-measuring the peak
in dispute, taking the statements of some gentlemen who had acted as his
guides on his former visits, &c. Sometime since, about the middle of
June, I think, he came up, in company with his son Chas. A Mitchell, his
daughter, and a servant boy, established his headquarters at Jesse Stepp's,
at the foot of the mountain, and began*the .laborious task of ascertaining
the height of the highest peak by an instrumental survey, which as the
former ad-measurements were only barometrical, would fix its altitude with
perfect accuracy. He had proceeded with his work near two weeks, and
had rea^clied to some quarter of a mi>e above Mr. Wm. Patton's Mountain
House, by Saturday evening, 2^ o'clock, the 27th of June, at which time
he quit work and told his son that he was going to cross the mountain to
the settlement on Caney River for the purpose of seeing ]Nlr. Thomas Wil-
son, "Wm. Riddle, and I believe another Mr. AVilson, who had guided him
up to the top on a former visit. He promised to return to the Mountain
House on Monday at noon. There was no one with him. This was the
last time he Avas ever seen alive. On Monday his son repaired to the
Mountain House-to meet his f\ither, but he did not come. Tuesday the
same thing occurred, and though considerable uneasiness was felt for his
safety, yet there were so many ways to account for his delay that it was
scarcely thought necessary to alarm the neighborhood ; but when Wednes-
day night came and brought no token of him, his son and Mr. John Stepp
immediately started on Thursday morning to Caney River in search of him.
On arriving at Mr. Thos. Wilson's, v\rhat vras their astonishment and dis-
may to learn that he had neither been seen nor heard of in that settle-
ment ! They immediately returned to Mr. Stepp's, the alarm was given,
and before sundown on Friday evening companies of the ha^dy mountai-
neers- from the North Fork of the Swannanoa were on their way up the
mountain. The writer, happening to be present on a visit to the Black,
joined the first company that went up. About eighteen persons camped
at the Mountain Housq that evening, and continued accessions were made
to our party during the night, by the good citizens of that neighborhood,
Tvho turned out at the call of humanity as fast as they heard the alarm,
some from their fields, some from working on the road, and all without a
moment's hesitation. Early on Saturday morning our party under the
command of Mr. Fred Burnett and his sons, all experienced hunters, and
Jesse Stepp and others who were familiar with the mountains, struck out
for the Baain top, and began the search by scouring the woods on the left
hand or Caney River side of the trail that runs along the top. We continu-
ed on this way to the highest peak without discovering any traces what-
ever of his passage, when our company became so scattered into small
parties that no further systematic search could be made that day. But
directly in our rear as we came up the mountain was Mr. Eldridge Bur-
nett with some more of his neighbors, who had come from their houses
that morning ; and hearing a report that Dr. Mitchell had expressed his
intention of striking a bee line from the top for the settlements without
following the blazed trail way- to Caney River, they searched for signs in
that direction, and soon found a trail in the «oft moss and fern that was
believed to have been made by him, and followed it until it came to the
first fork of Caney, where it was lost. Nothing doubting but they were
on his track, and that he had continued down the stream, they went seve-
ral miles along the beat of the river, over inconceivably rough and dange-
rous ground, until dark, when they threw themselves upon the earth and
rested till morning. Mr. Stepp, Mr. Fred. Burnett and others made their
way to Wilson's on Caney River to join the company that was coming up
from the Yancey side, and the writer and many others returned, gloomy
^and disappointed to the Mountain House. Thus ended the first day's
search. During almost the entire day the rain had poured down steadily,
tke air was cold and chilling, the thermometer indicating about 44° at
noon, whilst the heavy clouds wrapped the whole mountain in such a
dense fog that it was impossible to see any distance before us. It seemed
as if the genii of those vast mountain solitudes were angered at our un-
wonted intrusion, and had invoked the Storm-God to enshroud in deeper
gloom the sad and mysterious fate of their noble victim.
Sabbath morning came, but its holy stillness and sacred associations
were all unregarded, and the party camping in the Mountain House, now
largely augmented by constant arrivals from the settlements, plunged
again into the gloomy forest of gigantic firs, and filing through the dark
and deep gorges struck far down into the wilds of Caney River. Mr. El-
dridge Burnett's party returned about 2 o'clock, bringing, no tidings and
seeing no further trace whatever of the wanderer's footsteps. Still later
in the day Messrs. Fred. Burnett and Jesse Stepp and party returned with
some twelve or fifteen of the ciz-ens of Caney River, having traversed a
large scope of country and finding still no trace of the lost one. The rain
still continued to pour down, and the gloomy and ill-omened fog still con-
tinued to wrap the mountain's brow in its rayless and opaque shroud.
Jnst before dark the remaining party came in, unsuccessful, tired, hungry
^and soaking with water. A general gloom now overspread the counte-
nances of all, as the awful and almost undeniable fact was proclaimed,
that Dr. Mitchell was surely d^ad, and our only object in making the
search, would be- to recue his mortal remains from the wild beasts and
give them christian sepulture ! It could not be possible, we thought, that
he was alive, for cold, and hunger, and fatigue, if nothing worse had hap-
pened to him, would ere this have destroyed him, Alas ! we reasoned too
well. By this time the alarm had spread far and near, and many citizens
of Asheville and other parts of the country were flocking to the mountains
to assist in the search for one so universally beloved and respected. On
JMonday tho company numbered some sixty men. New routes were pro-
jected, new ground of search proposed, and the hunt conducted through-
out the day with renewed energy and determination, but still without
avail. On Tuesday the company of Buncombe men separated into three
squads and took difi"erent routes, whilst Mr. Thomas Wilson and his
neighbors from Caney River, took a still more distant route, by going to
the top of the highest peak and searching down towards the Cat-tail fork
of the River. They were led to take this route by the suggestion of Mr,
Wilson, that Dr. M. had gone up that way in his visit to the high peak in
1844, and that perhaps he had undertaken to go down by the same route.
They accordingly struck out for that point, and turning to the left to strike
down the mountain in the prairie near the top, at the very spot where it
is alleged that the Doctor entered it thirteen years ago, they instantly
perceived the impression of feet upon the yielding turf, pointing down the
mountain in the direction indicated of his former route. After tracing it
some distance with that unerring woodcraft which is so wonderful to all
but tine close observing hunter, they became convinced that it was his
trail and sent a messenger back some five miles to inform the Buncombe
men, and telling them to hurry on as fast as they could. The Avriter with
Mr. Charles Mitchell and many others were in a deep valley on the head
waters. of another fork of the river, when the blast of a horn and the firing
of guns on a distant peak, made us aware that some discovery Avas made.
Hurrying with breathless haste up the steep mountain side in the direc-
tion of the guns we soon came np and found the greater part of our com-
pany watching for us, with the news that the Yancey company were upon
the trail we had been so earnestly seeking so many days. After a brief
consultation, two or three of our party a'eturned to the Mountain House
for provisions, and the balance of us started as fast as we could travel
along the main top towards our Yancey friends, and reached the high peak
just before dark. Here v\'e camped in a small cabin built by Mr. Jesse
Stepp, ate a hasty supper and threw ourselves upon the floor, without
covering, to rest.
About 1 o'clock in the night, just as the writer was about closing his
eyes in troubled and uneasy slumber, a loud halloo was heard from the high
bluff that looms over the cabin. It was answered from .within and in a
moment every sleeper Avas upon his feet. Mr. Jesse Stepp, Capt. Robert
Patton and others, then came down and told us that the body Avas found.
Mournfully then indeed those hardy sons of the mountain seated them-
selves around the smouldering cabin fire, and on the trunks of the fallen
firs, and then, in the light of a glorious full moon, whose rays penciled the
dark damp forest with liquid silver, seven thousand feet above the tide-
washed sands of the Atlantic, the melancholj'^ tale was told. Many a heart
was stilled with sadness as the awful truth was disclosed and many a
rough face glittered with a tear in the refulgent moon-light as it looked
upon the marble pallor and statue-stillness of the stricken and bereaved
son, and thought of those far away whom this sudden evil Avould so deep-
It was as they expected. The deceased had undertaken to go the same
route to the settlements which he had formerly gone. They traced him
rapidly down the precipices of the mountain, until they reached the stream
(the Cat-tail fork), found his traces going down it — following on a hundred
yards or so, they, came to a rushing cataract some forty feet high, saw his
foot-prints trying to climb around the edge of the yawning precipice, saw
the moss torn up by the outstretched hand, and then — the solid, impression-
less granite refused to tell more of his fate. But clambering hastily to
the bottom of the roaring abyss, they found a basin worn out of the solid
rock by the frenzied torrent, at least fourteen feet deep, filled with clear
and crystal waters cold and pure as the winter snow that generates them.
At the bottom of this basin, quietly reposing, with outstretched arms, day
the mortal remains of the Rev. Elisha Mitchell, D. D., the good, the great,
the wise, the simple minded,^ the pure of heart, the instructor of youth,
the disciple of knowledge and the preacher of Christianity ! Oh what
friend to science and virtue what youth among all the thousands that
have listened to his teachings, what friend that has ever taken him by the
hand, can think of this wild and awful scene unmoved by the humanity of
tears ! can think of those gigantic pyramidal firs, whose interlocking
branches shut out the light of heaven, the many hued rhododendrons that
freight the air with their perfume and lean weepingly over the waters, that
crystal stream leaping down the great granites and hastening from the
majestic presence of the mighty peak above, whilst in the deep pool below,
where the weary waters rest but a single moment, lies the inanimate body
of his dear friend and preceptor, apparently listening to the mighty requi-
em of the cataract I ! Truly " Man knoweth not his time, and the sons of
men are entrapped in the evil, when it cometh suddenly upon them."
Upon consultation it was thought best to let the body remain in the wa-
ter until all arrangements were completed for its removal and interment ;
judging rightly that the cold and pure waters would better preserve it, than
it could be kept in any other way. At day light a number of hands went
to cutting out a trail from the top of the mountain to where the body lay,
a distance of three miles, whilst others went to Asheville to make the ne-
cessary arrangements. Word was also sent to the coroner of Yancey, and
to the citizens generally to come and assist us in raising the body on Wed-
nesday morning. At that time a large num])er of persons assembled at
Mr. Jesse Stepp's and set out for the spot, bearing the coffin upon our
shoulders up the dreary steeps. We had gone near ten miles in this way
and had just turned down from the high peak towards the river, when we
were met by Mr. Coroner Ayers, and about fifty of the citizens of Yance}',
coming up with the body. They had got impatient at our delay, and en-
veloping the body in a sheet and fastening it securely upon a long pole,
laid it upon the shoulders of ten men and started up the mountain. And
now became manifest the strength and hardihood of tliose noble mountai-
neers. For three miles above them the precipitous granites and steep
mountain sides forbade almost the ascent of an unincumbered man, which
was rendered doubh' difficult by great trunks of trees, and the t^iick and
tangled laurel which blocked up the way. The load was near two hundred
and fifty pounds and only two men could carry at once. But nothing
(la"-nted by the fearful exertion before them, they steJD boldly up the way,
fresh hands stepped in every few moments, all struggling without inter-
mission and eager to assist in the work of humanity. Anon they would
come to a place at which it was impossible for the bearers to proceed, and
then they would form a line by taking each others hands the uppermost
man grasping a tree and with shouts of encouragement heave up by main
strength. In this way, after indescribably toiling for some hours they
reached the spot. Here was afforded another instance of the great affec-
tion and regard in which the deceased was held by all. These bold and
hardy men desired to have the body buried there and contended for it long
and earnestly. They said that he had first made known the superior
height of their glorious mountain and noised their fame almost through-
out the Union, that he had died whilst contending for his right to that
loftiest of all the Atlantic mountains, on which we then stood, and they
desired to place his remains right there, add at no other spot. It would
indeed have been an appropriate resting place for him, and greatly was it
wished for by the whole country, before its being told them that his fami-
ly wanted his remains brought down. They reluctantly yielded, and the
Buncombe men proceeded to bring the body slowly down the valley of the
Swannanoa. Before leaving the top, the writer took down the names of
all present, and will ask you to publish them to the world, as men who
have done honor to our common humanity by their generous and disinter-
ested conduct on this melancholy occasion. I am no flatterer, Messrs.
Editors, but I must confess that the labor which these mountain men ex-
pended and the sacrifice they so willingly and cheerfully made, is worthy
of all praise and admiration. May God reward their kindness ; I feel sure,
the numerous friends and pupils of the dear deceased would rather read
the list of these men's names than the "ayes and naes" of any Con-
gressional vote that has been recorded in many a day.
Nathaniel B. Ray, I. M. Broyles, Joseph Shephard, Washington Broy-
les, Henry Wheeler, Thomas Wilson, Jas. M. Ray, D. W. Burleson, G. B.
Silvers, J. 0. Griffith, E. Williams, A. D. Allen, A. L. Ray, Thomas D.
Wilson, E. A. Pyatt, D. W. Howard, W. M. Astin, James H. Riddle, Dr.
W. Crumley, G. D. Ray, Burton Austin, James Allen, Henry Ray, T. L.
Randolph, John McPeters, W. B. Creasman, S. J. Nanney, Samuel Ray,
E. W. Boren, Rev. W. C. Bowman, J. W. Bailey, Thomas Silvers, Jr.,
Thomas Calloway, Henry Allen, J. L. Gibbs, Jesse Ray, James Hensley,
Robert Riddle, W. D. Williams, J. D. Young, William Rolen, G. W. Wil-
son, John Rogers, James Allen, Jr. J. W. Ayres, J. F. Presnell, R. A.
Rumple, W. J. Hensley, D. H. Silvers, R. Don Wilson, Jas. Calloway.
S. C. Lambert, William Burnett, R. H. Burnett, R. J. Fortune, Ephraim
Glass, J. H. Bartlett, B. F, Fortune, A. N. Alexander, James Gaines, J.
E. Ellison, John F. Bartlett, F. F. Bartlett, Elijah Kearly, E. Clayton, A.
Burgin, Jesse Stepp, D. F. Summey, T. J. Corpning, Harris Ellison, T. B.
Boyd, A. J. Lindsey, Joshua Stepp, William Powers, R. P. Lambert, Tis-
dale Stepp, Daniel Burnett, Thadeus C. Coleman, A. F. Harris, W. C.
Fortune, Fletcher Fortune, Capt. Robert Patton, Cooper, servant of Wm.
Patton, John, servant of Fletcher Fortune, Esq.
A. J. Emmerson, Chatham County, A. E. Rhodes, Jones County,, H. H.
Young, and Moses Dent, Franklin County ; all students of Wake Forest
This list does not comprise all who assisted in the search, as much to
my regret I did not take a list of any but those present at the removal of
the body. I believe, however, that the names of all are recorded on the
register of Mr. Patton's Mountain House, where the friends of Dr. Mitch-
ell can see them when they visit (as I have no doubt many will) the scene
of his death.
This ends my brief sketch of this melancholy affair. As to any eulogy
upon Dr. Mitchell's character I feel myself unequal to the task. I trust
that it will be appropriately pronounced by some one of his learned and
devoted fellow laborers of the University. My feeble pen could add noth-
ing to his moral and intellectual stature. I will only say, that I loved him
as sincerely as any one in the State. I am gratified to be able to state that
unusual kindness and respect was exhibited by every citizen of the coun-
try throughout the whole transaction.
Yours truly, Z. B. VANCE.
A FUKERAL SERMON,
DELIVERED IX THE
PRESBTTEKIA^" CHURCH AT ASHEYH^LE,
ox THE TENTH OF JULY 1857.
By the REV. ROBERT HETT CHAPMAN, D. D.,
A SOX OF THE SECOND PRESIDENT OF THE UNIVERSITY.
Max kxoweth xot uis time : . * * ^ the soxs of mex are sxared in
AX evil WHEX it FALLET^ SUDDEXLT UPOX THEM.^ — Eccl. chap. 9, V. 12.
What words of truth are these ? and how fearfully have they been rea-
lized in the incidents which have convened us here to-day I The doctrine
of the Text is, that there is a dreadful uncertainty respecting things ter-
re.stial — that trials, and changes, and death are our heritage here-— that in
our calmest, and even apparently in our safest hours, we are but short
sighted and frail — all exposed and in peril : and know not what a day may
bring forth ! Children of clay, and inhabiting a globe of graves, we are
in peril every hour ! It is true the Almighty upholds, and Ave are in His
hands ! His Providence is over us, but whether it shall be afflictive, or be^
nisnant — whether of the issues of Life, or of Death we cannot tell! The
future is all before us, but shadows, clouds, and darkness rest upon it !
its issues, and its events are alone kno\tn to the Infinite ! To the Chris-
tian, and in his conception there are no accidents — nothing fortuitous — ■-
the hand of God is in it all; and so it is in point of fact XLutli us all;
whether we realize it, or not — God telleth off your days and mine, and
those of the entire race ! — as an hireling we shall each accomplish our
day, and then pass on and up to the Judgment of the great God ! Then
should we not watch? ought we not to be ready? lest suddenly coming He
find us sleeping !
Man knoweth not his time ! but certain it is, that here, on earth, where^
ver found he is all incident to suffering — exposed to calamity and danger
= — the sure victim of coming dissolution, aye the certain trophy of Death I
His leaden fingers shall be laid upon you and me, chilling the pulsations
of life — His arm of power snail be by us felt, breaking the golden bowl at
the fountain I — we shall all experience his wasting influence, changing
the countenance and bidding us pass from Earth to the Spirit Land ! but
when these trials shall reach us : — when we shall each in our lot go down
before the puissant arm of him, who breaks the sword of valor, and
takes the diadem from the brow of kings — when the veil shall part before
jour spirit's eye and mine, and the gales of eternity shall freshen upon
our souls, God alone knows ! Sometimes danger and death show them-
selves in the distance, and with slow and steady step gradually approach,
letting us know, that they aim at us and ours, and that their office and
work is with us ; at other times they draw nigh wdth steady tread — noise-
less, silent, unperceived they gather round ; their presence is but recog-
nized in their attack^in the marks of their desolation— in the affixing of
an unchanging seal which cannot be mistaken, and which can neither
he blotted out, nor broken I All ma}^ be quiet without, and calm within ;
and there may be no sense of danger, and no fear— but Death is there, and
sudden destruction. The veil of Eternity sometimes parts as in the twink-
ling of an eye and the soul without sign or token, or note or warning, is
in the spirit land, summoned to the presence of God, its Infinite Judge!
Ah, Friends ! the text is true, " Man knoweth not his time/^ The sons of
men are oftentimes snared in sudden calamity ; there is an awful, a fear-*
ful uncertainty as to what is before us, when w^e shall be called on to lay
aside these vestments of mortality, and to stand before Jehovah God our
Judge ! Then is it not wise ?— would it not be well to have our prepara-
tion work well and early done, that we may stand ready, and waiting for
the coming of the Son of Man ? " Man knoweth not his Time^as the fish
are taken in a net, as the birds are caught in a snare, so are the sons of
men snared in an evil when it falleth suddenly upon them/' My Text
has been selected, and the train of thought just indulged in, suggested)
1 ty one of those fearful incidents of life which alike startle and appall !
Tidings of them fall not listlessly on human ears, they fail not deeply,
and painfully to affect human hearts I It is no ordinary death scene that
we chronicle ; nor is it the departure from the scenes of time of any ordi-
nary man, that we have met in the Sanctuary to meditate upon ! Elisha
Mitchell ! the loved and venerated— -the astute and wise— ^the man of
God and Christian Minister, lies low in death ! He is no more of earthy
for God hath taken him up to the scenes of the spiritual) and caused him
to mingle in the realities of the eternal world ! His family are bereft of
their Head — no more shall he guide them by his counsels, nor at morning
and evening lead their devotions ; — the temple of Science has had extin-
y;ui6hed in him one of its living lights, and taken down and removed is
one of its stalwart pillars I The Church of God and its courts have in him
lost an advocate — a judicious counsellor^ and prized presbyter! His seat
at the family table, in the hall of Science, and within the Sanctuary of
God, have alike been vacated by the sad event vrhich has convened us,
and which we are endeavoring spiritually to improve ! His agency as
father, friend, and instructor, and Christian Minister has ceased ; and no
more shall we enjoy his converse, weigh his counsels, or go with him up
to the House of God ! Ye reckon it in days since some of you enjoyed his
sunny smile and kind hearted converse, and communion ! When last
with him, aye when last seen of mortal vision, he was full of life — as
buoyant with hope, and had as bright promise of future years and useful-
ness, as had any of you^ or your race ! but he is not — his summons was
sudden — fearfully sudden ! Yours may be as sudden, and not as safe 1
He died emphatically alone ! Neither wife nor brother nor son nor friend
nor man was near I Amid mountain fastnesses, under laurel shades, and
with unceasing sound of moaning pines and rushing waters, furnishing
an appropriate requiem, alone and without human aid or sympathy, he
breathed out his life. Except for efforts the most patient and untiring on
the part of the community, his death as to its place, and means, and time^
would have remained a mystery ; his grave would have been unknown and
his body unsepultured. There is something, at once grand and fearful in
such a death ! Far from human habitation — amid the solitude of nature
— her works there on the grandest scale — it brings up those mounts of
God mentioned in the Scripture, Pisgah and Nebo, and suggests the death
scene of the " Ruler of His people " as connected therewith — Angels per-
formed the dying offices of the one, nor is it vain speculation to suppose
that in needful form and sympathy they were present with the other ; this
sure Word of God informs us that they minister to the heirs of salvation 1
I have said Dr. Mitchell was alone in his death — I speak of earth and
of man — I except angelic influences, and the presence of his covenant God
and Saviour ! He who stamped grandeur on those mountains, and marked
out a channel for those pure and crystal waters did not in that hour de-
sert His servant but was near him and around him ! Do I say too much ?
what says the Scripture ? " as the mountains are round about Jerusalem,
so Jehovah is round about them that fear Him " — What says God him-
self? "Fear not I I am with thee, be not dismayed! I will never leave
thee nor forsake thee I" Tell me not of accidents I Speak not to me of
second causes ! God's hand was in the startling event, as it is in all
events. He designs that we should feel it, and lay it to heart, and wisely
improve it. From that mountain side and seething pool where they found
him tliere cometli a voice deep, thrilling, and loud, addressing itself to
you, and me, to all! Its language is " prepare to meet thy God!" Who
can fail to realize, if he will throw around the scene one lingering thought.
that amid these frowning precipices and impervious shades and wildly
dashing waters, and with death at hand, it was far more important to
have been the humble child of God, the devoted follower of Christ, than to
have been the man of gold, or of distinction and fame, or even a sceptered
king, Avith destitution of this grace ! Ah ! the Avell earned fame, the dis-
tinctions of our departed friend and brother, have here no power in im-
parting joy and comfort to those who loved him in life, and to whom he is
doubly dear in death ! — their hope, and joy, and strong consolation is bas-
ed on the simple fact that Dr. Mitchell laid all his honors, and loved to
lay them, at the feet of Christ and around Ilis Cross ! — that there he hung
his hopes of Heaven— that there he planted his expectations of Life Ever-
lastino; ! He was an humble child of God, and a Christian ! In that fact
there is comfort, joy, strong consolation ! When father, or mother, or
child, or brother, or friend passes from earth, let me know they are in
Heaven, and among the blood-bought and ransomed, and I cannot unduly
grieve ! Who would call them back from their rapt scenes of angelic
joy, and again attach the chains of sense, and affix the stains of sin to their
freed and pure spirits/ Earth is fleeting and mingled are its scenes — its
joys are at best but transient ! there is no treasure worth securing, save
that which is laid up in Heaven ! Moral victories are alone worthy the
effort, and the energy of the deathless spirit of man !
" Man knoweth not his time and the sons of men are snared in an evil
when it cometh suddenly upon them I" This is Truth, and it teaches us
that evil oftentimes comes upon us in an hour when we least expect its
approach! The future is all before us, and we must meet it; but its
scenes are with the Deit}' — an impenetrable veil covers it from your vision
and mine — we tread at best but a darkened path, and know not our time
of trial ! It may occur in our happiest hours, and amid scenes of gushing
joy ; the cloud may gather and loom up, and burst within an hour ! What
reverses have been witnessed in this changing world between the rising
of the sun and the lengthening of its shadows ! What, as in the present
instance between the going down of that orb of light and the breaking of
the day ! Death often steals on dying men unheralded — no note of
warning precedes his approach ! Some whilst pressed with care, engros-
sed with business, and all unprepared, are hurried away — others engaged
in the pur^^uit of pleasure, and with no sense of danger, suddenly feel his
touch, stilling the pulsations of life, and bidding them up to the Judg-
ment ! Some in life's morning and the hey-day of their being, as they
fondly fancy, with the world all before them ! Others with hoary locks,
and shortened steps ! some prepared with armor on— with loins girt about,
and their lamps trimmed and burning ! Others amid their course of fjlly
— the love of sin iinslain, and depravity burning its deep and corroding
brand within the soul ! Ah ! it is the suddenness of scenes like these — it
is their unexpectedness to the individual, which makes them so awful and
fearful ! Prepared for death — girded for the judgment, and clad in those
robes of righteousness, which alone can bear its living light ; a sudden
death is not to be deprecated — with the love of God within the soul, and
the living everlasting Saviour at hand, a solitary death is not to be deplor-
ed ! But unprovisioned for eternity how fearful ! unprepared for the solemn .
interview with God, which must then ensue, how tremendously awful is a
sudden death ! Who would appear before his Maker with the love of sin
uppermost in his soul — who would thus appear, even united to Christ,
with the world clustering around, and clasping the affections of the heart ?
Not so ! Oh, not so, would he that is wise die ! How lightly, friends,
should we esteem the thing of time, and what priceless value should we
attach to the interests of the deathless soul ! And yet poor man, in his
blindness and sin, reverses all this ! God stoops, and invites us to his
arms, and to his heavenly home, but too many busied with the vanities of
earth, and eager in its pursuits, slight those rich treasures and everlasting
joys — turn away from these offers of life, and seek an heritage for time !
Other thoughts, frier ds, crowd upon me, but I must hasten ! I trust
you see and feel the teachings of the text, enforced as they are by the fear-
ful incident which convened us together. "We are but pilgrims on the
shores of time ! Sojourners on the earth as were our fathers ! Here we
have no abiding place — passengers at the best, we walk in darkness, un-
der perils and in great suspense — the future is all Jiidden — we know not
what a day may bring forth ! Do you esteem the picture dark and
gloomy ? and ask what can be done ? I answer, trust in the Lord and d(i
good ! thus may you fill up your lives with acts of usefulness, and deck
them with deeds of Christian honor ! Thus passing away, piety shall give
you the tribute of tears ; and the bosom of virtue shall send forth sighs at
your decease! Do you still ask, as to what can be done.^ I answer,
make Jehovah God in Christ your refuge, and trust, and then it shall be
well with you, well with your soul! "He that dwelleth in the secret
place of the Most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty."
It is your privilege so to live, and so to bind the hopes of the gospel of
•Jesus Christ to the heart, that you may dread the grave as little as your
bed ! Here is the Bible of God — the great moral light which teaches Je-
hovah's will — presents the provisions of His mercy ; with its truths re-
ceived — with its remedies embraced — with its Saviour believed in, and trus-
ted on, you have a stay which shall avail amid the conflicts of time — more !
it shall cheer you as you go down under the power of Death's arm — light-
ing up the grave and dispelling forever all its fearful shadows ! Earth is
changing ! but Heaven is stable and sure ! Fix your affections there ! and
now from that solitary place in the wilderness where my Brother breathed
out his life, and passed from earth ; aye from that bier on which now lie
his mortal remains, there cometh a voice addressed to you, to me, to all
present — and yet it singles us out and addresses us each, and its language
is, " Be ye also ready for the coming of the Son of man ! prepare to meet
God !" Obey this voice, and your death scene shall be peaceful as are an-
gelic slumbers, and your eternity shall be passing happy, and supremely
blissful as of the riches of Jehovah's grace ! Thus prepared and panopli-
ed, when you come to walk through the valley of the shadow of death you
shall have the rod and the staff, the presence of Him, who is the Resur-
rection and the Life.
MEETING AT ASHEVILLE.
From tilt Asheville News, July 16.
It having been announced in Asheville, on Wednesday morning, 8th
July, instant, that the dead body of Professor Elisha Mitchell, of Chapel
Hill, had been discovered in the vicinit}" of the Black Mountain ; pursuant
to a short notice, a large meeting of the citizens of Buncombe county and
many others from a distance, met in the Court House at 5 o'clock in the
afternoon of the same day, when, on motion of Z. B. Vance, Esq., Rev.
Jarvis Buxton was appointed Chairman of the meeting.
Mr. Buxton, on taking the chair, made some feeling and appropriate re-
marks, explanatory of the object of the meeting, and upon the services
and character of Professor Mitchell in his relations to the University, also
as a man in his social and domestic relations, and as a christian gentle-
man. He said he knew the deceased well, having been a member of his
household while a student at College, and that to know him was to love
On motion, John D. Hyman was appointed Secretary of the meeting.
W. M. Shipp, Esq., after prefacing with a few remarks, in which he
bore testimony to the exalted character of Dr. Mitchell, and his eminent
services in his devotion to Science and Education, offered the following
resolutions, expressing a desire that they would be adopted :
1. Resolved, That we have heard, with the most profound regret, the
announcement which has just been made, of the sad and melancholy death
of the Rev. Dr. Mitchell, of the University of this State.
2. Resolved, That in the death of Dr. Mitchell, the University has lost
one of its most tried friends ; the Faculty one of its most zealous votai-ies ;
and the church of God one of its most faithful ministers.
3. Resolved, That in the opinion of this meeting, it would be highly ap-
propriate — should it meet the approbation of his family — that the remains
of the deceased be deposited upon some eligible point of the Black Moun-
tain ; a place with which his name has been connected for many years, as
the first to call public attention to its superiority in height to any point
in the United States, East of the Rocky Mountains.
4. Resolved, That, in our opinion, no more suitable testimonial of re-
spect to the memory of the deceased could be given, than the erection of
an appropriate monument upon the mountain, with which his name and
sad fate are so intimately associated ; and, to carry out this purpose, we
ask the assistance of all good citizens of the State and the friends of edu-
cation and science generally.
5. Resolved, That to the family of the deceased we extend our heartfelt
condolence, and the Chairman of this meeting appoint a committee of three
persons to convey to them a copy of these resolutions, and express our
sympathy in their bereavement.
6. Eesolced, That a copy of these proceedings be forwarded to the Presi-
dent of the University, with a request that he convey to the Faculty and
Students our deep sympathy in the great loss they have sustained in the
death of their oldest member and most experienced instructor.
7. Resolved, That the Chairman appoint a committee of six to take such
steps as they may think advisable to carry out the object of the 4th reso-
8. Resolved, That a copy of these proceedings be published in the Ashe-
ville papers, and that the papers of the State general^ be requested to
Hon. Thos. L. Clingman said he approved of the resolutions and hoped
they would be adopted. He added his testimony to the eminent services
of Professor Mitchell in his explorations of this section of th^ State, both
in regard to its topography and geology.
Rev. Dr. Chapman made some eloquent and touching remarks in rela-
tion to the sad calamity that had called the meeting together,
Z. B. Yance, Esq., being called upon, narrated the circumstances, as far
as they had been ascertained, that attended the death of Professor Mitch-
ell. He also said that great credit was due to a large number of gentle-
men, principally persons residing in the vicinity of the Black Mountain,
for their untiring exertions to recover the body of the deceased.
On motion the resolutions were unanimously adopted.
In accordance with the 5th resolution, the Chairman appointed the fol-
lowing gentlemen as the committee : Rev. Dr. Chapman, AVm. M. Shipp
and James W. Patton, Esq'rs. On motion, the name of the Chairman was
added to the list.
In pursuance of the 7th resolution, the Chairman appointed the follow-
ing committee : Messrs. A. S. Merrimon, David Coleman, Z. B. Vance,
John A, Dickson, W. M. Shipp, and James A. Patton.
On motion of A. S. Merrimon, Esq., the Chairman appointed twenty
persons to superintend the conveying of the body of the deceased to its
place of burial. The following persons were appointed : Z. B. Yance, A.
S. Merrimon, J. A. Patton, R.M. Henry, Thadaeus Coleman, G. W. Whitson,
James Gaines, D. F. Summey, A. Burgin, W. M. Hardy, W. A. Patton,
J. E. Patton, J. D. Hyman, S. C. Bryson, "W. Morrison, T. A. Corpening,
and T. B. Boyd.
On motion the meeting adjourned.
JAR VIS BUXTON, Chairman.
Joax D. Hymax, Secretary.
MEETING AT CHAPEL HILL.
From the Chapel Hill Gazette, July 13.
Upon Friday the 10th instant very painful rumors of the sudden death
of the Rev. Dr. Mitehell, on Black Mountain, reached Chapel Hill. On
Saturday these rumors received some confirmation, and upon Sunday even-
ing all doubt was removed by intelligence that his body had been found
floating in the Cat-tail Fork of Caney River, in the county of Yancey, at a
point where the water was about twelve feet in depth ; circumstances ren-
dering it very probable that he had fallen some forty feet, from a preci-
pice overhanging the river. His hand still clasped a broken branch of
Dr. Mitchell had been busily engaged for several days in making Baro-
metrical and Trigonometrical observations upon Black Mountain. On
Saturday, the 27th of June, he had nearly completed these labors. During
that day he separated from his son in order to visit Caney River Settle-
ment, making an appointment to meet him the next Monday at the Moun-
tain House. He was not seen again, and it was only after several day's
search by many citizens in that vicinity, carried on with ardor and sym-
pathy which do them great honor, that his body was found on Tuesday
evening, the 7th of July, as is above described. It is understood that he
was interred at Asheville on the 10th instant.
Upon receiving the above intelligence, the citizens held a full and solemn
town-meeting in the University Chapel. On motion of David L. Swain,
Edward Mallett, Magistrate of Police, was called to the Chair, and Jones
Watson, Esq., was appointed Secretary.
The Chairman announced that in anticipation of such a meeting, he had
appointed the Rev. Dr. Hawks, who providentially was with us upon this
occasion, together with Samuel F. Phillips Esq., a Committee to prepare
resolutions for the consideration of the meeting.
Dr. Hawks then arose, and gracefully alluding to his own deep interest
in the community amidst which he had received his early education, con-
tinued in a few eloquent and touching observations upon the occasion
which had called forth this display of feeling, and then submitted the fol-
lowing preamble and resolutions : —
" Whereas, It has pleased our Heavenly Father, in His wise Providence,
to take unto Himself the Rev. Elisha Mitchell, late Professor of Chemistry
and Geology in the University of North Carolina ; we the inhabitants of
Chapel Hill, convened in town meeting, for the purpose of testifying our
respect for the memory of a good man, who has gone to his reward, —
leaving it to his associates to render their appropriate tribute to his ^vell
. known scientific character, desire to speak as his fellow citizens, and bear-
ing our willing testimony to his worth as a man, have
Resolved, That in the death of Dr. Mitchell, our whole community has
sustained a loss not easily repaired, in the removal of one who, resident in
this village for forty years, has, during that period, fulfilled all the duties
of an enlighted, public-spirited citizen, with the most exemplary proprie-
ty, illustrating in his daily walk and conversation the christian principle
by which his life was regulated.
Resolved, That in no one particular has his example been more striking
than in his universal kindness to the poor and suffering. Ever ready to
help his fellow creatures, and mindful that his Master went about doing
good, while he ministered to the spiritual wants of the blind and erring,
he was no less prompt in alleviating bodily misery : and the poor of Chapel
Hill and its vicinity, who have been partakers of his silent and unostenta-
tious benevolence, will especially have cause long to treasure up the me-
mory of their departed friend and benefactor.
Resolved, That our whole community, of all classes, gratefully recogniz-
ing the worth of an eminently good man now removed from among us, and
submitting, in humble faith to the dispensation of the Gracious God who
has seen fit thus to visit us with sorrow ; do tender our Christian sympa-
thy and love to the bereaved family of our departed friend ; and mingling
our smaller sorrow with their more grievous and heavy affliction, do com-
mend them in our prayers to the merciful goodness of that everlasting
God whose chastenings to his children are but proofs of his afiection.
Resolved, That the individuals composing this meeting will, as a mark
of respect for the memory of Dr. Mitchell, wear the usual badge of mourn-
ing, on the left arm, for thirty days.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions, duly certified by the officers^
of this meeting, be communicated to the family of Dr. Mitchell.
These were seconded by President Swain who dwelt in terms of strong
eulogy upon the long public services of the deceased, lamentingover a loss
which to himself, he added, was irreparable.
Other remarks, appropriate to the occasion, were made by Messrs. S. F.
Phillips, Sidney Smith, Charles Phillips and Jones Watson. Thereupon
the Resolutions were passed unanimously.
Upon motion of S. F. Phillips, the persons present went in procession
to the residence of Dr. Mitchell, in order to present in person to his fami-
y, the resolutions that had been adopted. This having been done, the
All the stores and other places of business of our town were closed and
^11 business suspended, during the meeting.
MEETING AT FATETTEYILT.E.
rrom the Argus, July 18.
DEATH OF PROF. MITCHELL,
This great man is no more. By his death the cause of science has sus-
tained an irreparable loss — Chapel Hill one of its strong pillars — and
North Carolina one of her noblest sons.
As will be seen below, he came to his death among those mountains
which had so long been the subject of his investigation — a martyr to sci-
Prof. Mitchell has occupied the position of Professor in our University
for thirty years or more, and has during that period, established his repu-
tation as one of the very first scholars in the country.
We learn from the Standard that a peak of the Black Mountain has
been selected for the burial of Dr. Mitchell. This we are rejoiced to know.
No place could be more fitting for the last renting place of the illustrious
dead, than those grand and magnificent Mountains that were so long the
object of his study. No more suitable monument could be reared to his
memory which must endure as long as Mountains stand.
We append the following Resolutions which were passed in this town,
•by the resident graduates of the University of North Carolina.
A meeting of graduates of the University of North Carolina residing in
.and near Fayetteville was held on Tuesday, July 14, 1857, W. J. Ander-
son, Esq., presiding, and Mr. Geo. H. Haigh acting as Secretary.
The Chairman having announced the melancholy intelligence on account
of which they had been called together,
Messrs. W. B. Wright, John Winslow, W. A. Huske, W. II. Haigh, J.
€. Huske, R. P. Buxton, P. M. Hale, R. H. Sandford, and B. Fuller, rep-
resenting difierent classes, were appointed a Committee to prepare resolu-
tions suitable for the occasion.
Whekeas, Almighty God, by a painful and most melancholy act of his
Providence, has brought to a sudden and sad end the life of our former
respected preceptor and friend, the Rev. Dr. Elisha Mitchell, Professor in
the University of N. C. :
Therefore, Kesolved, That we have received intelligence of this most
mournful event with feelings of pain and unmingled sadness.
Resolved, That as in his life we have have been made debtors to him by
his faithful instructions and by his unwearied devotion to our best inter-
ests, so now in his death we cherish his memory in our hearts.
Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Elisha Mitchell, by his great and varied
learning, by his indefatigable zeal in the pursuit of knowledge, his spirit
of invincible perseverance in whatever he deemed to be right, by his devo-
tion to the duties of his profession, whether as a teacher of science or as a
teach<^r of the religion ot the Gospel, by his devotion to the interests of his
pupils, to the interests of the University of which he was so distinguished
a Professor, and by his devotion to the interests of the State at large, and
in a word, by a long, honorable, and useful life of incorruptible integrity
and fidelity to duty, has made himself to be an ornament and an example
to his profession and to his fellow men in general.
Resolved, That in view of the eminent services which he has rendered
the State, direcili/, by the prompt and faithful discharge of particular du-
ties assigned him, and less directly, but not less effectively by his devotion
to the cause of education, the deceased has entitled himself to a public
testimonial of respect to his memory ; and we hereby pledge ourselves to
assist in any measure tending to that end.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the family of the
deceased, with an expression of our sincerest sympathy and condo-
lence ; and also, that a copy be sent to his brethren of the Faculty, and to
each of the Literary Societies at Chapel Hill, with the request that they
be filed in their archives.
The resolutions were unanimously adopted.
W. J. ANDERSON, Chairman.
George H. Haigh, Secretary.
MEETING AT GEEENSBOEO'. "^
From the Times, August 23.
A MEETING of former pupils and friends of Dr. Mitchell, resident in
Greensboro and vicinity, was held in the Court House on Monday evening
last, for the purpose of giving public expression to their feelings of grief
and sympathy, excited by the painful intelligence of his death.
Hon. James T. Morehead was called to the Chair on motion of John H.
Coble, and on motion of R. M. Sloan. Jr., Charles E. Shober, Esq., was
On taking the chair, Mr. Morehead addressed the meeting appropriate-
ly and feelingly upon the mournful subject which had called it together.
He was a student at the University when Dr. Mitchell first became con-
nected with it, and had known him intimately ever since. He was there-
fore well qualified by length of acquaintance to speak of him.
On motion of Rev. C. H. Wiley, the chairman appointed a committee,
consisting of Ralph Gorrell, Esq., R. P. Dick, Esq., Jesse H. Lindsay, Sr.,
W. L. Scott, Esq., J. A. Long, Esq., and Rev. C. H. Wiley, to prepare
resolutions expressive of the sentiments of the meeting. The committee
retired, and after a brief absence, reported through their chairman Rev.
C. H. Wiley, the following Preamble and Resolutions :
Whereas, we have heard of the recent death of the Rev. Elisha Mitch-
ell, D. D., late Professor in the University of our State, under circumstan-
ces peculiarly sad and startling, and well calculated to excite the tender-
est interest and sympathy on the part of every lover of science, therefore,
Resolved, That we have received the tidings of this melancholy event
with emotions of profound sorrow, cherishing as we do a lively recollec-
tion of the many amiable qualities, of the great and varied acquirements,
and of the long, laborious and useful services of our lamented friend and
Resolved, That we regard the death of Prof. Mitchell as a public calami-
ty, long identified as he has been with the progress of science and scien-
tific improvements in North Carolina, devoted to her interests and her
honor, and for many years an invaluable member of the Faculty of her
University, which is greatly indebted to his zeal, his learning and his in-
dustry for its eminent success and illustrious character.
Resolved, That we cordially respond to the suggestion that some fitting
and lasting monument to the memory and character of the deceased
should be erected among those stupendous scenes amid which he fell a
Martyr to the cause of Science, and that, to this end, we will contribute
of our means and influence.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the family of the
deceased with the expression of our sincerest condolence and sympathy,
and that copies also be sent to the Faculty of the University and to each of
the Literary Societies, with a request that they be entered on the records
of the University and filed in the archives of the Societies.
Mr. Wiley accompanied the report of the resolutions with a few re-
marks mainly explanatory of the manner of Dr. Mitchell's death as he
had received it from a resident of the region of country where the painful
casualty occurred, and then the resohitions were unanimously adopted.
On motion of Julius Gorrell, Esq., the newspapers of the town were re-
quested to publish the proceedings of the meeting, and then, on motion, it
JAMES T. MOREIIEAD, Chairman.
Charles H. Shober, Secretary.
MEETING AT WILMINGTOJSr.
From the Wilmington Herald, August 5.
AccoRDiXG to previous notice, a meeting of the Trustees, former Students,
and Alumni of the University of North Carolina was held in the Court
House in the town of Wilmington on the 29th of July, 1857.
On motion Dr. Thomas H. Wright was called to the chair, and John D.
Taylor requested to act as Secretary.
The object of the meeting was explained in a few feeling and appropri-
ate remarks by George Davis, Esq., who also moved the appointment of
three to draw up suitable resolutions expressive of the sense of the meet-
ing. Whereupon George Davis, Esq., Rev. Dr. C. F. Deems and Eli W.
Hall, Esq., were appointed by the Chair.
The Committee through their chairman, Dr. Deems, submitted the fol-
lowing resolutions which were unanimously adopted.
AVhereas, the whole State of North Carolina has recently been called
to mourn the sudden and violent close of the life of Rev. Elisha Mitchell,
D. D., Senior Professor in the University, and whereas no other section of
the State can furnish a larger proportionate number of those who have
enjoyed the acquaintance of the eminent deceased, therefore
Resolved, That the Trustees and former Students and Alumni of the
University of North Carolina, and the friends of science and of the late
Prof. Mitchell, assembled in Wilmington, do sincerely sympathise with the
general grief which his death has spread over the country ; that his great
abilities, vast acquirements, and indomitable industry, while they combin-
ed to present in him a model to the young men of the land, did much to-
wards the elevation of the University of our State to that lofty position
which it maintains among the very first institutions of learning in Ameri-
ca ; that his contributions to general science have given him a respectable
place among the most learned, and his special devotion to the development
(if all the physical resources of North Carolina has laid the State under
obligations which the gratitude of many a generation will scarcely avail
Resolved, That we will unite in whatever plan the authorities of the
University mav adopt to perpetuate the excellent memory of him whose
devotion to the interests of the Institution through more than the ordinary
time of a generation has entitled his name to be held in reverential re-
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be forwarded to the family of
the late Dr. Mitchell, with the expression of the most sincere and tender
sympathy of this assembl3^
Resolved, That a copy of these proceedings be furnished to the Presi-
sident and Faculty of the University of North Carolina, and our condol-
ence with them at the great social and official -breach made in their ranks
by the recent dispensation of Divine Providence.
Resolved^ That these proceedings be published in all the papers in
Dr. Deems, after offering the resolutions, paid an eloquent and touching
tribute to the memory of Dr. Mitchell, testifying from his intimate asso-
ciation with him as a colleague, friend, and neighbor, to his many gene-
rous traits of character and kindness and benevolence of heart.
On motion of James C. Smith, Esq., the meeting then adjourned.
THOMAS 11. WRIGHT, Chairman,
John D. Taylor, Secretary.
TESTIMONIALS OF RESPECT.
RESOLUTIONS OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE UNIVERSITY.
Raleigh, July 4, 1857.
At a meeting of the Executive Committee of the Trustees of the Uni-
versity, at the Executive office in this Citj on the 4th inst., the following
proceedings were had : —
His Excellency Governor Bragg having officially communicated intelli-
gence of the recent, sudden, aud melancholy death of the Rev'd Dr. Elisha
Mitchell, late Professor of Chemistry, Mineralogy, and Geology in the
University, the Executive Committee, in view of his character as a Chris-
tian gentleman ; of his arduous, long continued and inestimable services
in the Academic corps, and his distinguished position for the last forty
years as a member of the Faculty, in the administration of the affairs of
the College ; in view of his eminent attainments in literature and science ;
his ardent patriotism and public services ; consider the present a fit occa-
sion to express their unanimous sentiment of true condolence and sympa-
thy with the widow and family of the deceased, with the officers and mem-
bers of the College, and the people of the whole State, at the sad and
overwhelming bereavement which we have all sustained ; and in the name
and on behalf of the whole body of the Trustees of the University, this
Committee will cordially unite with other associations and individuals in
paying enduring honor to his memory.
Resolved, That the half year's salary of the professor, for the residue of
the present fiscal year, be paid by the acting Bursar of the College to the
widow of the deceased, and that her family be permitted (if she so desires
it) to continue the occupation of her present residence until the close of
Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing proceedings be placed in the
hands of the widow of the deceased.
In consideration of the vacancy occurring by the death of Dr. Mitchell,
in the Professorship of Chemistry, Mineralogy and Geology, and the Bur-
sar's Bureau at the beginning of the session just commencing:
Resolved, That to enable the Board of Trustees to till these places per-
manently, with judgment and discretion, the President of the University,
Gov. Swain, be authorized and requested, with the concurrence of the
Faculty to distribute the various duties of these several offices among such
members of the Faculty as may be willing to undertake them, and, if ne-
cessary, to appoint one or more tutors. That such temporary arrangements
shall be in force for and during the present session only; or, for such
shorter peried as the Board of Trustees or this Committee shall hereafter
Test : CHAS. MANLY, Sec'y.
RESOLUTIONS OF THE FACULTY.
Chapel Hill, July 17, 1857.
At the first regular meeting of the Faculty of the Universit}", after a
solemn prayer to Almighty God, the following paper was unanimously
TVhereas, since the last meeting of the Faculty of the University, an
All-Wise God has been pleased^ by a dispensation the more distressing be-
cause unexpected, to take unto Himself the oldest member of our Body,
the Rev. Elisha Mitchell, D. D., Professor of Chemistry, Mineralogy and
Geology: — bowing in humble submission to this sad bereavement, We,
the Faculty of the University, desiring to bear our testimony to the worth
of our departed companion and friend, and endaringly to record our tri-
bute to his memory, have unanimously adopted the following resolutions :
Resolved, That in the lamented death of our late associate we feel that
the Institution to which we belong has lost one of the most valuable ofii-
cers she ever possessed ; and that in the devotion of forty years to her
service his zeal never slackened, his diligence never relaxed, his faithful-
ness never slumbered ; but during all that long period, ripening constant-
ly in experience, he consecrated his best faculties and varied attainments to
the advancement of the usefulness and honor of the Institution of which
he was so distinguished an ornament
Resolved, That we cannot but feel also the loss that Science has sustain-
<^d in the removal of our departed friend. Pursuing it in various depart-
ments and not unsuccessful in any that he attempted, the rich and varied
vStores of his well cultivated mind gave to him, deservedly, a celebrity that,
reaching beyond the limits of this his immediate sphere of action, secured
to his name and opinions a weight of authority that was felt and acknow-
ledged by the scientific throughout our land; and in the midst of our re-
grets it affords us a melancholy satisfaction to reflect that he met his death
in the cause of Science, and thus, in appropriate keeping with the duties
of his life has, in his death, added his name to the list of her honored
Resolved, That our loss is in our view more sorrowful still when we
think of him as the christian gentleman, whose heart overflowing with the
tenderest sympathies of humanity, made him the ever beneficent friend of
the poor ajad wretched ; as the minister of our Holy Faith, dispensing the
precious truths of eternal life to the sinful and wayward ; as the watchful
friend and faithful guardian of the young, by whom he was surrounded,
ever ready to speak to them in gentleness and love,, the wise words of
warning and counsel ; as the intimate companion and associate of our-
selves, whose presence brought experience to our deliberations, and the
cheerful playfulness of innocent mirth to our social intercourse.
Resolved, That this our faint tribute to the worth of Dr. Mitchell be re-
corded on our Minutes and that a copy thereof be communicated to the
family by the Secretary ; accompanied with the assurance of the deep con-
dolence and the heart-felt sympathy of every member of the Faculty.
Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Phillips be requested to deliver in the
Chapel of the University, on Sunday next, an appropriate Funeral dis-
course and that the President of the University himself be respectfully de-
sired to prepare and pronounce before the University an Eulogy on our
deceased brother, at such time as may suit his convenience.
RESOLUTIONS OF THE STUDENTS.
Chapel Hill, July 22, 1857.
At a Meeting of the Students held in Girard Hall, the following resolu-
tions were adopted in memory of the Rev. Elisha Mitchell, D. D., Profes-
sor of Chemistry, Mineralogy and Geology.
Whereas, The All-wise God as part of his inscrutable dealings with
men has seen fit to call our beloved and honored preceptor, Dr. Mitchell,
from a life of labor and usefulness ;
Resolved, That we do sincerely lament his decease, and tender our sym-
pathies to his afiiicted family.
Resolved, That in the death of Dr. Mitchell, the University has sustain-
ed a loss scarcely to be repaired ; that we the students miss a true friend,
Science an active, able and learned follower ; and Religion a sincere and
Resolved That his habits of laborious and patient research rendered him
a model for every aspirant for honorable distinction ; that his great pro-
ficiency in the departments of which he had charge, admirably fitted him
for his office as a teacher ; that his intellect, naturally acute and compre-
hensive, and by many years of reading and reflection the repository of al-
most every kind of useful or recondite knowledge, rendered him eminently
an honor to this Institution and to the State ; that his high toned princi-
ples commanded universal respect, and the kindness of his heart made him
near to all who knew him. ,
Resolved, That in token of our high esteem for his memory, we will
wear the usual badge of mourning for thirty days.
MEETING OF THE DIALECTIC SOCIETY.
Dialectic Hall, July 24, 1857.
Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God, by a most sudden blow to re-
move from the midst of our community the Rev. Dr. Elisha Mitchell ; the
Dialectic Society, acknowledges that the intimacy of his personal and offi-
cial relations with all of its sitting members demands that it depart from
the custom which renders such obituary tributes as this appropriate only
to those who have been members of its particular organization ; the more
especially as Dr. Mitchell was eminent among the lovers of Virtue and
Resolved, That this catastrophe, which has caused a shock through all
the domain of letters, occasioned a loss to this University, so great and
peculiar as to call for the deepest sorrow on the part of all who have any
Resolved, That although none of us had been privileged to follow our
late revered Professor along those paths of study which were specially
his own, yet we desire to say that we make it matter of honest pride
that we were Students of the University during his era ; that we can re-
call in after life many circumstances of profit and pleasure in our inter-
course with him ; and record here our obligations to him for that high ex-
ample that the much absorbed and universal student need not, amidst
such pursuits, divest himself of those homely yet noble qualities which
make the benevolent and public spirited citizen, the courageous magis-
trate, and the humble and sincere christian — that the 3'^outh not only of
the State, but of the country, will in years long yet to come, remem-
ber him as one who guided the footsteps of their fathers amid many rug-
ged paths in the search of knowledge and truth, and even by them
will his name be recorded with those great benefactors of his race.
Resolved, That upon the loss of this their distinguished member, we
tender our condolence to our brethren of the Philanthropic Society, and
pledge ourselves to co-operate with them in such manner for erecting a per-
manent memorial of our respect and gratitude as may be deemed suitable.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be filed in the Archives of
our Body and that one be sent to the bereaved family of the deceased as
the last sad tribute of our respect to his memory.
Resolved, That we also wear the usual badge of mourning for thirty days,
J. G. McNAB,
J. G. MOREIIEAD, Jr., > Com.
F. D. STOCKTON.
MEETING OF THE PHILANTHROPIC SOCIETY.
Philanthropic Hall, July 26, 1857.
The members of the Philanthropic Society having learned the sudden
and melancholy death of the Rev. Elisha Mitchell, D. D,, the Senior Professor
in our University ; to express the feelings which the sad event has inspired
us with, have
Resolved, That in the death of Dr. Mitchell our University and the cause
of learning in our Country have suffered a great and irreparable loss ; that
we, his pupils, are bereft of a most able, skillful and learned instructor,
and have been separated forever from a man whom we admired and a
friend whom we loved, whose many kind offices and wise counsels we shall
Resolved, That we offer our sincere and earnest sympathies in this af-
fliction to the family of our deceased friend, and to the Faculty of the Uni-
versity which he served and honored so long.
Resolved, That our Society, of which he was a member and whose inte-
rest he always gladly served, has lost a warm and zealous patron and
friend ; and that our members wear the badge of mourning for thirty days.
Resolved, That the Committee present copies of these resolutions to the
family of Dr. Mitchell, and to the Faculty of the University.
W. S. HUMPHRIES,
S. D. GOZA,
E. S. J. BELL.
MEETING OF THE TRUSTEES OF DAVIDSON COLLEGE.
Davidson College, July 16, 1857.
On motion of Rev. Dr. Lacy,
Resolved, That a Committee consisting of C. L. Hunter, M. D., Rev.
W. W. Pharr and Edwin R. Harris, Esq., be appointed to prepare resolu-
tions expressing the views of the Board, in relation to the sudden and
melancholy end, of the late Rev. Elisha Mitchell, D. D., Professor in the
University of North Carolina.
The following Preamble and Resolutions were offered and unanimously
Whereas, The Board of Trustees of Davidson College has just learned
of the death of a venerable and learned Professor of the University of
North Carolina, the Rev. Elisha Mitchell, D. D,, who fell as a martyr to
Science, and whereas his name is intimately connected with the building
up and dissemination of sound learning in this State :
Therefore, Resolved, That we deeply deplore the great loss sustained by
the State at large, by the Church of Christ, of which he was an active and
a useful member, and by the Institution of which he was a distinguished
and prominent Professor.
Resolved, That it becomes us, as a body of Christian men, to bow with
reverence and humility, to this dark, melancholy and inscrutable dispen-
sation of Providence, thus impressively reminding us that " in the midst
of life we are in death."
Resolved, That we cordially extend to the family and relatives of the de-
ceased our sincere, condolence, and heart-felt sympathy in this their sudden
and afflictive bereavement.
Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing Preamble and Resolutions be
forwarded to the family of the deceased, to the President and Faculty of
the University, and to the Raleigh papers, with the request that the same
C. L. HUNTER,
W. W. PHARR, y Com.
EDWIN R. HARRIS.
MEETING OF THE FACULTY OF DAVIDSON COLLEGE.
Davidson College, July 18, 1857.
At a meeting of the Faculty of Davidson College held on the 18th day
of July 1857, the following Preamble and Resolutions were unanimously
adopted, viz : —
Whereas the painful rumors which reached us a few days ago of the
sudden and melancholy death of a distinguished Professor of our State
University has been surely confirmed, we cannot refrain from some ex-
pression of the thoughts and feelings so naturally prompted by the sad
We regard the death of the Rev. Elisha Mitchell, D. D., as a puhlic ca-
lamity, which must fill all who knew his eminent worth with the pro-
foundest grief. Not only the University, but the State, has suffered an
irreparable loss in being thus suddenly deprived of the invaluable servi-
ces of one of her most laborious, ardent and successful instructors of
youth. And we have abundant reason to know that there are those among
the best and ablest in nearly every State of the Union who have carried
with them from the University the impression of his high and generous
character as a christian gentleman and scholar, who will mourn his death
as a personal bereavement. The church also, in this general grief, sor-
rows most of all, because she has lost, in this distinguished philosopher an
eminent christian minister and a noble exemplar of the high and essential
harmony of Science and Religion. Through the whole of a long life he
was an assiduous and enthusiastic devotee of Science ; and to us there is
something of a melancholy, poetic grandeur and greatness in the place and
manner of his death— whereby Science in burying one of her worthiest
eons has hallowed a new Pisgah, which future generations shall know and
His career on earth is closed ; and this mournful dispensation of Divine
Providence brings forcibly to the mind of us all the solemn admonition of
our Lord, " Be ye also ready, for in such an hour as ye think not, the Son
of Man Cometh."
Resolved, That we deeply sympathies with the Faculty of the University,
of which he was the oldest member, and has been so long an ornament and
pillar, in the great loss they have sustained in this sudden and mournful
Resolved, That a copy of this paper be sent to the family of Dr. Mitch-
ell, not only to convey to them the expression of our sincere sympathy and
condolence, but to remind them that though he, their stay and guide and
light, is taken away from them and us, all is not taken ; that there is still
left to them an imperishable heritage in the good fame and the wide and
distinguished usefulness of this eminent servant of the Church and of the
By order of the Faculty. C. D. FISHBURN, Clerk.
MEETING OF THE COMMISSIONERS OF CHAPEL HILL.
Chapel Hill, July L3, 1857.
Whereas, It has pleased Our Heavenly Father in whose hands alone
are the issues of life and death, to call from "kmong us our venerable and
much beloved fellow member, the Rev. Elisha Mitchell ; Therefore,
Resolved, That we have received with feelings of the deepest sorrow, the
intelligence of his sad and melancholy fate.
Resolved, That while we bow with humble submission to the decree of
. the Supreme Governor of all things, we shall ever cherish in our hearts,
the sentiments of esteem and friendship, with which his life and charac-
ter have impressed us.
Resolved, That in his death the Commissioners and community of
Chapel Hill have sustained an irreparable loss.
Resolved, That we most sincerely sympathise with his bereaved family
in their trouble and distress.
Resolved, That these 'resolutions be spread upon the journals of the
Village, that a copy be sent to the family of the deceased also to the
Chapel Hill Gazette with request for publication.
E. MALLETT, Magistrate Police.
' P. H. McDADE,
H. B. GUTHRIE,
J. H. WATSON,
MINUTE OF PRESBYTERY.
Minute adopted by the Presbytery of Orange at its session in Lexing-
ton, N. C, October 20th 1857.
" Inasmuch as it has pleased God to remove from us so suddenly, by
a mysterious providence, our beloved brother, Elisha Mitchell — for nearly
forty years a Professor in the University of North Carolina, having suc-
cessively filled the Chairs of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy, and
of Chemistry, Mineralogy, and Geology — it becomes us, while we deplore
our weighty loss, to submit humbly to the stroke laid upon us. Let us,
therefore, remember that we are now taught in this Providence that the
time is short, and that no loveliness, nor usefulness, nor learning can ex-
empt us from the solemn call that soon awaits each of us.
We recommend that a copy of this minute be sent to the family of the
deceased brother with the hearty sympathy of this Presbytery.
WM. N. MEBANE, Ch'n. Com.
MINUTE OF SYNOD.
The Committee appointed by the Synod of the Presbyterian Church in
North Carolina, at its meeting in 1857, reported the following minute to
the meeting in 1858.
** The Synod of North Carolina records with heart-felt sorrow the loss
of one of its oldest members by the death of the Rev. Elisha Mitchell, J). D.,
Professor of Chemistry, Mineralogy and Geology, in the University of
North Carolina. Late in 1817, Dr. Mitchell was licensed to preach the
everlasting Gospel by a Congregational Association of orthodox faith in
Connecticut. He was ordained to the full work of the Gospel ministry by
the Presbytery of Orange. His first sermon was preached in the Chapel
of the University not long after his licensure, and his last in the Presby-
terian Church in Salisbury, a short time before he perished. So his ministe-
rial service of nearly forty years was rendered altogether while in commu-
nion with this body. He was probably the most learned man that ever
lived in this State. He was a skillful and conscientious Professor, and as
such was constantly engaged in preparing for their various walks in life the
youth of the land. He was a well-grounded believer in Revelation, and no
common expounder of its doctrines in matters of Natural Science, as well as
in those of Religion. The Synod gladly recognizes the healthful influence
of his teachings upon the many generations of his pupils, in that he always
led them, by precept and by example, to look for the Lawgiver of nature
as well as for its laws. He also preached regularly to them the great
doctrines of moral depravity, the necessity of an atonement by a Divine
Redeemer, of regeneration and sanctification by the Holy Ghost, and of
faith and repentance by each individual of the one race of Adam. By the
will of God, he served his generation faithfully in his day, and he was cut
off while surrounded with unfinished plans of usefulness. This death
calls upon the Synod to lament that Science has lost a learned, patient,
and devout investigator — that Education must miss an honest and accom-
plished guide, and that Religion needs another faithful watchman upon
the walls of Zion . The Synod also mourns for itself, the absence of one who
was to many of its members a revered preceptor, and to all a sincere
friend, and a worthy co-laborer in the harvest of God.
In view of this solemn event the Synod resolves.
That while it thanks the great Head of the Church for its long and
fraternal intercourse with Dr. Mitchell, and for the example of untiring
industry, unfailing liberality, unceasing acquisition, fearless conscien-
tiousness, and consistent piety afforded by his life, its surviving members
will so improve his sudden and unexpected death in the midst of his un-
dertakings, that, when their work here is done, they too may leave behind
the savor of a life spent in the fear of God and the love of man.
That the Stated Clerk of the Synod send a copy of this minute to the
family of Dr. Mitchell as a mark of respect and sympathy from his breth-
ren in Christ the Lord."
DRUEY LACY, Ch'n. Com.
TO THE PEOPLE OF NORTH CAROLINA.
From the Asheville Spectator,
The sad fate of the late Professor Mitchell of the University of North
Carolina is well known to all. He perished in one of the wild gorges of
the Black Mountain, during a laborious investigation which he had under-
taken relative to the highest of the different peaks. Upon receiving this
melancholy intelligence, a large number of the citizens of Buncombe and
adjoining counties assembled in the Court House at Asheville to give some
public expression of their feelings in regard thereto, when among others
the following resolution was unanimously adopted : —
Resolved, That, in our opinion, no more suitable testimonial of respect
to the memory of the deceased could be given, than the erection of an ap-
propriate Monument upon the mountain, with which his name and sad
fate are so intimately associated ; and to carry out this purpose, w& ask
the assistance of all good citizens of the State and the friends of education
and science generally.
In pursuance of the object herein expressed the undersigned were ap-
pointed a committee to solicit aid from the citizens of North Carolina, and
the former pupils and friends of the deceased everywhere. The family of
Dr. Mitchell have given their consent to have his remains removed from
Asheville and deposited on the highest peak of the Black Mountain, and
as soon as the arrangements are all made this will be done. Abundance
of granite, capable of being worked, is to be found on the very spot where
we propose to erect this monument, and it is thought that $5,000 will be
amply sufficient to accomplish what we desire.
In view of the fact, that he was the first to visit these mountains and to
make known their superior height to any east of the Rocky Mountains,
and that he spent a great portion of his time, and finally lost his life in
exploring them, we think it will be admitted that no more fitting testi-
mony of esteem could be offered his memory, and no more fitting spot
found whereon to erect it. The noble mountains themselves will stand
his most worthy and enduring monument, but the State of North Carolina
certainly owes him something, who has so long devoted his best energies
to the instruction of her youth.
The committee propose by this circular simply to make known what ia
intended, feeling confident, that to the good people of the State and the
vast number of old pupils and personal friends of the deceased, nothing
more need be said. The plan of the monument will be discussed when
sufficient funds are' secured for its completion. They invite the co-opera-
tion of the county committees, and of single individuals throughout the
State. Contributions can be transmitted to the committee or any one of
them, by any means most convenient, who will deposit all such sums in
the Bank of Cape Fear at this place to await the making up of the requi-
site amount. All papers friendly to this project are requested to copy this
Z. B. VANCE,
JAS. A. PATTON,
JOHN A. DICKSON,
A. S. MERRIMON,
W. M. SHIPP.
THE EE-INTEEMENT OF DE. MITCHELL'S EEMAINS.
BY RICHARD H. BATTLE, ESQ.
From the Raleigh Register, July 10, 1858.
On the evening of Monday, the 14th of June, the body of Dr. Mitchell,
after having rested for nearly a year in the pretty little grave-yard of the
Presbyterian Church in Asheville was exhumed for re-burial on the top of
the highest peak of the Black Mountain. Encased in coffins of wood and
metal it was laid at the foot of a large Oak tree, preparatory to its removal
the following morning. It was entrusted to the care of several energetic,
able-bodied mountaineers, whose zeal in performing the laborious task as-
signed them is worthy of high commendation. From the dawn of day on
the 15th, till a full hour after darkness had settled down on the sides of
the Black, and from a very early hour till near midday on the 16th, they
were at work with scarcely a minute of rest or relaxation.
From the nature of the road, by which the top of Mt. Mitchell was to be
reached, it was hardly practicable that a regular procession should attend
the body ; but many citizens of the town and visitors from a distance —
among the latter, the venerable Bishop of the diocese of Tennessee, the dis-
tinguished President of the.- University, and Messrs. Ashe and Mitchell, the
son-in-law and son of him we had met to honor — some in vehicles and
others on hbrseback, left Asheville between 8 and 9 o'clock, a. m., seve-
ral hours after the corpse had been taken from its former resting place.
It being only twenty miles to Mr. Stepp's, a place of accommodation at the
foot of the Black, we easily reached it in time to refresh ourselves with a
good dinner, and a rest to prepare us for the more toilsome portion of our
journey. The vehicles hitherto used being here dispensed with and bridles
and saddles substituted in their place and animals being hired by those
of us who had not provided ourselves upon leaving the village, the upward
journey was begun about 3 o'clock in the afternoon. By a few, of prefer-
ence or necessity, the ascent was made on foot ; but much the greater num-
ber were mounted on surefooted horses or mules.
The winding of the road up the steep sides of the mountain, to make
the climbing possible for man and beast, gave to the long line of horsemen
quite a striking appearance. Those in front seemed often to be going in a
direction just opposite to that of those in their rear and the line was con-
stantly assuming the form of the letter S. It was to one at alitle distance
a sight strange and picturesque, viewed in connection with the surround-
ing beauties of mountain scenery — the majestic oaks and chestnut trees,
the undergrowth of mountain laurel and ivy and the large red and yel-
low honey-suckles, the overhanging rocks and the little brooks, fresh from
the springs a few yards higher up, that met us at every turn. At the ex-
piration of about the fourth hour from the time of starting we had made
but five miles, but half the distance from the base to the summits and reach-
ed the "Mountain House" a little before sunset. This is what may be
called a Summer Hotel and is from its situation a somewhat singular place
of entertainment, standing, as it does, on or rather against, the side of the
mountain at a point where, in some directions the declivity is very preci-
pitous. It was, I believe, built at the expense of a wealthy citizen of
Charleston, S. C, Mr. Wm. Patton, (lately deceased), who was himself in
former years an occasional tenant during the heats of Summer. The furi-
ous winds of Winter and the driving rain storms of the Spring would de-
ter the stoutest heart from making it a permanent habitation. It is there-
fore left to the mercy of the elements for six or eight months of the year
and was untenanted at the time of our visit.
It may not be amiss here to remark, that near the Mountain House ie
first observed the change in the character of the growth on the mountain
that constitutes its distinguishing feature. The trees and shrubs before
mentioned as overhanging the first half of our winding road, at this point,
and the corresponding altitude on all sides of the Black, give place to the
Balsam, which is the exclusive growth df the mountain tops. It is
the dark green of this tree as seen from a distance that has given the name
of " the Black " to this mountain or rather to this long range 6f peaks. It
would be too much of a digression to enumerate the many uses to which
this tree, with the resin it exudes, is put by the people living about the
mountain for many miles from its base.
The kind hospitality of some of the relatives of Mr. Patton, the proprie-
tor, had procured for us the keys of the hotel, and made all our large com-
pany free to enter at pleasure every apartment from cellar to garret, and
select their places for sleeping. To the same gentlemen and to Dr. Boyd
of the " Eagle Hotel," Asheville, we owed the means of satisfying a crav-
ing appetite, the necessary consequence of the continuous exercise we had
taken. Our numbers making sitting impracticable, we ate standing a pri-
meval meal ; using our hands and fingers as plates and forks, and I might
add, spoons. We were glad to find in hot coffee, which we swallowed with
avidity without milk or cream, an effective sedative to nerves which the
cold piercing air of our great altitude was rapidly unsettling.
In the meanwhile those in charge of the body were toiling slowly up-
ward. In many places, the oxen drawing a sled, upon which it had been
placed, became useless in consequence of the muddiness or steepness of
the way and for short distances the corpse was carried on the shoulders of
the mountaineers. It was after nine o'clock, and many of our company
had retired for the night before they arrived. One by one, tired, wet,
muddy and chilled, these worthy men came in, seeking a share of the sup-
per of which we had partaken and the pallets we had spread upon the
floors. It was late before the house was quiet and even then, as thoughts
of the novelty of our situation and of the mournful purpose for which we
were there ; besides occasional whispers from some one more awake than the
rest ; and the wintry state of the atmosphere — which not the blazing fires
on our hearths, the thick blankets in which we were wrapped, nor the
animal heat diffused from the bodies of so many room-mates could entire-
ly dispel — all served to prevent our falling asleep for some time.
An early start, after a hasty breakfast on the remnants of the supper of
the preceding evening and securing the animals turned loose to shift for
themselves during the night, enabled most of us from the Buncombe side
to reach the top of Mt. Mitchell before 9 o'clock. While awaiting the
commencement of the ceremonies we had several hours in which to enjoy
the magnificent prospect our lofty elevation afforded us. The cold mists
that at first enveloped the tops of the mountain were gradually dispersed
by the sun as he rose higher in the heavens, and then was revealed to us
a grander scene than it had ever before been our lot to behold. The ma-
jestic heights of the peaks that with Mt. Mitchell rise from a common
base ; the Blue Ridge in the distance ; the deep frightful gorges on all
sides below us, growing every moment more distinct as we gazed upon
them and pictured to ourselves the fall and death of the old friend we
were then to bury ; the river winding with their silver streams in every
direction from their little sources in the recesses of the mountains ; the
beautiful farms with their golden harvests, cultivated spots amid the
boundless wilderness of trees ; the light fleecy clouds dotting the horrizon ;
and the blue sky above ; all formed a picture that any one not entirely de-
void of a taste for the beautiful in nature could not fail to gaze upon with
feelings of silent admiration.
In the meantime the sturdy mountaineers of Yancey were assembling in
great numbers. They, many with their wives and daughters, had toiled
up the long and steep ascent to witness the burial of the friend, who near-
ly a quarter of a century before, endeared himself to them while laboring
to ascertain the height of their famous mountain and explore its hidden
recesses, who had died amongst them while verifying the results of those
former labors and who was found by tJiem at the bottom of his watery
grave. A stranger did not require words from them to know how they
loved him while living and cherished his memory after death. They had
not long to wait ; for the body, kept with much difficulty in its place on the
sled, as the oxen made their way over the miry road and slippery roots
was drawing near its final resting-place. At the foot of the steep knoll
that forms the summit, the oxen and sled were finally dispensed with, and
a friendly emulation was displayed by the Yancey Mountaineers in offering
their broad shoulders to support the corpse.
R. D. Wilson, Esq., of Yancey, being requested to act as Marshall, here
formed a procession in the following order :
Citizens of Buncombe.
Citizens of Yancey.
Students of the University.
*■ THE CORPSE.
Family of the Deceased.
Trustees and Faculty of the University.
The President and Rt. Rev. Orator.
Upon reaching the summit of the Mountain, the lines in front of the^
the Corpse were opened and the procesion in reversed order advanced to
the grave, Bishop Otey reading the impressive service of the Episcopal
Church for the Burial of the Dead. Arrived at the brink of the grave, a
necessarily shallow one dug mostly through rock, the body was lowered ;
and the Bishop, from a desk formed of a stone taken from the grave, deli-
vered a funeral address to an audience that stood or sat with heads. reve-
rently uncovered. When it is remembered that with great inconvenience
and trouble and upon very short notice the Bishop had come from his dis-
tant home on the banks of the Mississippi, every one is assured that he
spoke the truth when he said, that gratitude and love caused him to be
there to pay the last honors to the instructor and friend of his youth —
surely such a tribute to friendship has been seldom offered in this selfish
world. "We scarcely knew whom more to admii-e — him who inspired, or
him who felt such undying friendship — him who was eidogized or him
who spoke the eulogy.
Upon motion of Gov. Swain a vote of thanks, that seemed to come from
the inmost heart of the audience, and a request for a copy of the address
for publication were unanimously adopted and were but a feeble testimony
to the general appreciation of it. Though composed chiefly of people of
the surrounding counties, Mountaineers, whose lives had been spent far
from schools and academies of learning, the whole assembly seemed most
deeply interested and impressed. And when the Rt. Rev. Orator spoke of
the zealous and untiring labors of his departed friend, for forty years, in '~
the cause of religion and science and in the instruction of hundreds of
the youth of this State — of all the Southern States, and of his tragic death
in verifying in his old age measurements and observations made by him
on that mountain long years before. I am sure there was not one of his
hearers too young or too ignorant to feel that in the death of Dr. Mitchell,
North Carolina lost one of her noblest sons, one of her brightest ornaments.
f The able President of our University then, after paying a graceful com-
pliment to the address we had so much admired, in words eloquent though
unstudied, added his testimony to the truth and justice of its eulogy ; and
alluding to the eminent appropriateness of the place of burial he expressed
an intention on the part of himself and his friend N. W. "Woodfin, Esq., of
Asheville, as owners, to present the ground on which they stood, the top
of the high peak, to the Trustees of the University on condition that it
shall be called Mt. Mitchell — alleging very truly, that the right of proper-
ty is not more theirs than the right to give it a name. Of the propriety
of this name, it seems to me, no one who has had the opportunity as we
had on that accasion of interrogating Dr. Mitchell's guides to the different
^ peaks in 1835, can entertain the slightest doubt. If the word of man, cor-
roborated by independent circumstances, is to be believed, Dr. Mitchell >
was on the summit on which his remains noiv rest, with William Wilson and
Adoniran Allen in 1835.
At the conclusion of ex-Governor Swain's address, which was extempo-
raneous, James W. Patton, Esq., moved that he be requested to write it
out for publication ; and R. Don Wilson, Esq., of Yancey, Col. Washington
Hardy, of Buncombe, and J. W. Graham of the University were appoint-
ed a committee to confer witii him and with Bishop Otey, and to urge
most earnestly the permission to publish their several addresses.
To these solicitations I was happy to learn neither of the distinguished
speakers considered himself at liberty to turn a deaf ear, and consent was
given that the public should have in print, what was so edifying to us who
were present at the delivery. Though they have not the propitious acces-
sories of the occasion — the top of the lofty mountain, the open grave, the
body of the departed, the tone of the speakers and the mournful faces of
the listening hearers, to heighten the effect of what was said, I feel confi-
dent that the general appreciation of it will be akin, if not equal to ours.
It is a coincidence not unworthy of remark, that on Mt. Mitchell, in the
persons of Bishop Otey and his respected friend and class-mate Dr. Tho-
mas II. Wright of Wilmington, and of Mr. Graham and Mr. Mitchell the be-
loved sou of the departed, were here to mourn at his funeral, members of
the first and of the last class that Dr. Mitchell instructed at the University.
MOUJ^T MITCHELL— JUNE 16, 1858.
From the University Magazine.
Proud Peak ! so sternly rising 'mid the smiling heaven —
Thy haughty brow by thunderbolts and tempests riven.
Dark bristling with thy jagged pines, like warriors mailed,
And beetling crags where erst unharmed have eagles sailed.
Among thy giant brothers grim, without a peer ;
Thy solitudes unwaked from rolling year to year,
By man, or aught, save howling storms or brutes of dread ;
To-day, how thou must marvel at th' unwonted tread
Of those who climb thy heights, and cloud-throned summit scale,
To chant o'er Science' martyred son the funeral wail.
Oh, haughtiest ingrate ! — to prove thy pride and place.
E'en o'er proud Washington, king of the mountain race ;
This was his eager wish from year to year pursued —
And with his blood thy cruel clutches thou'st imbued !
Rock-hearted type of Pride, thou would'st undoubted claim,
By search or measure true, of king the rank and name !
Oh hateful cliff, from whose rough, treacherous, wildering height,
The kind and wise old man fell on that saddest night,
Sweet stream beneath ! whose pitying bosom took him in,
As down, down, down, with headlong crash and horrid din
Of hurtling stones around he fell, and none was nigh
To hear, for help his last, heart-thrilling, gasping cry.
Uproot the frail, weak. Laurel tree to which he clung ;
False herb ! a precious life in truth upon thee hung
That night, as oft it has on thy poetic meed —
Alas ! thou^rt ever but the broken, piercing reed !
What, though it mocked his dying grasp, the treacherous laurel bough,
Fame's self he'd won, and needed not the emblem now.
A crown of glory shall be his beyond the grave
O'er which his well-earned earthly laurels fadeless wave.
Sleep, good and kindly man, in this thy tomb sublime :
Such was thy wish, here to await the end of time.
Honored wherever Science lifts her searching eye,
Loved in thy classic home thy memory cannot die !
And Otey, who o'er thy pale, cherished form, doth say
The last fond words that loving, honoring lips e'er may ;
Weil may he feel the spell of place upon him now ;
For he is mountain-born. Lo ! on his glorious brow
High thoughts inspired fleet on, as storm and sunshine chase
Each other o'er the calm, uplifted, mountain's face.
Thou'rt like to Saul amidst his brothers ; he like each,
And like thy far-off heights, his lofty soarings reach,'
Far, far beyond the aching sight and easy ken,
Of most who walk this earth and bear the names of men.
On dark, blue, Otter's rounded peak, oft hath he said,
" Make thou, my well beloved, my last and lonely bed :"
But oh ! may God, the Merciful, forbid that thou
Shouldst find a martyr's grave, as he we mourn o'er now.
Yet what more noble, worthy, death may be desired ?
The great, the good, he long pursued — achieved — expired.
True nobleman of nature thou — gentle, yet firm,
Honored to terror's verge by scholars through the term ;
But like a brother loved, when college rule was done ;
The master so august, and genial friend in one.
Oh, noble Mitchell ! thy revered and cherished name
Old Chapel Hill deems sweetest heritage of fame.
Oh ! tender, loving ones of his dear home embalm
His memory with sighs ye must ; but seek for calm
In all the good he living, did ; and dying, paid
His life — upon the shrine of zeal in duty laid.
Dark mountain king ! baptized with sacrificial blood,
Mt. Mitchell now. Gained by this broad and easy road,
Black Peak, no longer frowning unattained and wild,
Love hath subdued thee to the footsteps of a child :
A monument to that immortal power, thou'rt given
To man, by Him who made and ruleth Earth and Heaven.
Y. 0. M.
Richmond, Va., June 16, 1858.
^'That His Man's highest glory TO BE GOOD.'"
A FUKERAL ORATIOI
RE-INTERMENT OF THE REMAINS
REV. ELISHA MITCHELL, D. D.
LATE PROFESSOR OF
CHEMISTRY, MINERAIiOGY AWD GEOIiOGT IN THB
UNIVEESITY OF NORTH CAKOLINA.
O^ MOILN^T MITCHELL,
JUNE 15, 1858.
RT. REV. JAMES H. OTEY, D, D.,
BISHOP OF TENNESSEE.
CHAPEL HELL :
I*IIBLISHED BY J. M. HENDERSON.
PEINTEK TO THE UIOVEESITT.
A FUNERAL ORATION.
Who needs to be told, in the midst of the awe-inspiring
scenes of grandeur which here surround us, that '^ God on-
ly is great ?" " There is neither speech nor language," but
a voice conies from all these lofty heights, these profound
and awful gulfs, comes to the soul of man— of every re-
flecting man here, and re-echoes the sentiment of reve-
rence to which Moses gave utterance in the sublime lan-
guage, ''Before the Mountains were brought forth, or ever
the earth and the world were made. Thou art God from
everlasting, and world without end !"
Man and his works are perishable and ever perishing.
:N"ature is more stable and enduring. The scenes of great
events serve as striking memorials to future ages ; while
the changeless features impressed upon them, convey by
contrast, an awakening lesson of the mutability of human
In the art in which genius sometimes displays its most
brilliant powers, and fancy amuses itself with mimic repre-
sentations of passions and wants on the great stage of life ;
the curtain falls upon the scenery and action together : and
when the walking shadows of being disappear, the '' coun-
terfeit presentment" of objects, introduced to strengthen
the illusion, is removed from view, as unmeaning lumber.
Not so with the reality enacting on the wide and varied
field of human existence and enterprise. The action, it
is true, is fleeting and inconstant. Generations succeed
each other in mournful and rapid succession; and their
works are swept away, as the leaves of the forest are dri-
ven before the chilling blasts of autumn. But the scenes
among which men labour and toil and struggle remain
with the same characters unchanged, which God impressed
upon them ; having all of perpetuity that earth can give ;
destined to witness other crises and other catastrophes in
the ever-passing drama of mortality ; and to furnish to
the end of time, silent but truthful monuments to the
facts of history. Races, institutions, religions and go-
vernments; arts, trades, associations, and dynasties fol-
low each other in mighty and varied series, sheltered be-
neath the shadows flung from the same mountain heights,
and mirrored in the same placid waters. The storied plain
of Marathon with its encircling hills, its meandering rivu-
let, its marsh — the grave of many a Persian horseman — its
beach, battered by the surges of the ^gean sea, continues
now, as on that memorable day, . when it was pressed by
the feet of the flying Mede, with skaftless quiver and bro-
ken bow, or trampled in hot haste by the furious and con-
quering Greek, with red, pursuing speer ! But the na-
tions, the ideas, the altars and the institutions of those who
contended there for victory, are dissolved as utterly, and
almost as long ago, as the bodies of the slain in the lonely
mound which yet marks the spot of their inhumation. —
The majestic summit of "high Olympus" still overlooks
the peaceful vale of Thessaly, with the same lofty and pure
eminence which commended it to heathen fancy as the
throne of the Gods ; as the council chamber where " Jove
convened the Senate of the skies," to decide the fate of na-
tions. But the divinities themselves, the intellectual crea-
tions of ancient poets ; the fair humanities of those old re-
ligions which the ingenuity of Statesmen invented, or em-
ployed, to effect political objects; the power, the beauty
and the majesty that had there their imagined haunt, on
its consecrated heights, have all vanished and live no Ion-
ger in the faitli or fancy of mortals. The truth of which I
am speaking is most strikingly illustrated in the associations
which henceforward will cling to this Father of American
Mountains; rising here in majestic grandeur; with its
rocky battlements scathed by the red lightnings, but yet
unharmed; and throwing back the voice of the loudest
thunders, from its deep-muttered and reverberating caverns,
and transmitting the awful roar from crag to crag, until
earth herself appears to shudder with fear and trembling.
A few years only have elapsed since it stood here in solitary
loneliness, unchronicled amidst changes which have mark-
ed the passing away of nations of men that roamed under
its woody sides or climbed its dizzy heights !
"We tread the scenes over which buried tribes and gene-
rations of men once wandered ; we gaze upon the cloud-cap-
ped summits which once filled their vision ; we strain the
eye to trace the dim and distant outline that bounded their
horizon ; the places which know us, knew them ; saw all
that we would vainly explore ; and heard those shrouded
secrets of the shadowy past which are never to be recover-
ed from oblivion till the coming of that hour when " the
earth shall give up her dead I"
The eye of one who first drew breath in a northern clime,
and moved by the most honorable motives which can go-
vern human conduct, to seek useful employment in this,
his adopted State, and led by the desire to add to the stock
of human knowledge, or by the natural love of the sublime
and beautiful, rested some twenty three years ago upon
this glorious monument of the Creator's handy-work. He
traversed its most deeply wooded dells ; he stood upon its
loftiest peaks ; he gazed in rapture upon its bold and mag-
nificent outlines of grandeur ; his spirit here drank in the
sweet and elevating influences of the Heavenly world, and
though no angels, messengers from the spirit -land, met him
here to lift the veil that covers eternal things, yet here he
doubtless held communion with, his God, and in that soli-
tude and silence which are most propitious to devotion, he
felt in the mingled affections of love, reverence and fear that
filled the soul of the disciple upon the mount of transfigu-
ration and which inspired his breast, that it was indeed
good for him to be here.
*' Early had he learned
To reverence the volume that displays
The mystery, the life, that cannot die ;
But in the mountains he did feel his faith !"
" The whispering air
Sends inspiration from the mountain heights/'
We know not what were the varied emotions and exer-
cises of mind which the contemplation of these scenes of
sublimity and beauty excited in him. "We know that he
possessed a soul thoroughly attuned to the full appreciation
of all these things ; and tastes formed and educated by
study and observation to derive the most exquisite pleasure
as well as profit from their contemplation. He has not, so
far as I know, left on record any account of the reflections
to which acquaintance with the view of these things gave
rise. Whatever shape they took, sure I am, they were in
spirit holy and elevating and if now they exist in words of
human language, they remain as precious mementoes of
love and affection to those who were enshrined in his heart.
But mere selfish gratification formed no part of his charac-
ter and its elements, if they mingled at all in the motives
which actuated his pursuits, did so incidentally. If this
constitution of his mind led him to investigate the laws and
operations of nature and derive pleasure from such occupa-
tions, the affections of his heart influenced him not less to
turn all his discoveries and convert all his acquisitions to
the good of mankind. Perhaps not a flower blooms on
this mountain and sheds its fragrance to perfume the bree-
zes that fan its brows, but a specimen of it adorns his her-
barium. Perhaps not a root draws nourishment and heal-
ing virtue from its soil, but its like or a description of it
enriches the collection of his Cabinet. Perhaps not an ani-
mal roams through these wilds ; not a bird warbles its ma-
tin notes of joy, or sings its vesper-hymn of praise, amidst
these umbrageous groves ; not a reptile crawls around these
rock-serrated ridges ; nor insect floats in the morning
beams that herald the approach of the "powerful king ot
day," or sports in the rays that leave their dewy kiss upon
the brow of this giant son of the everlasting hills (as Mght
throws around him her sable folds, inviting to repose,) that
he has not observed its habits, tracked its ways, learned its
instincts, and chronicled its history. Is there a rock up-
heaved from yonder summit that throws exultingly its
thunder-rifted crags to the sky, or that protrudes in stately
and proud disdain, from yonder iron-bound and beetling
cliffs, as though it held in contempt all smaller things ? —
He knew its class, its composition, its age. Is there -a
mineral that has been dug from these hills ; that has rolled
down from these ridgy steeps ; or been uncovered by the
torrents that rave and roar down these mountain sides ? —
He knew its form and family, its value and its uses. Hither
he brought the theodolite with its unerring precision to
compute angles ; the surveyors chain to measure distances ;
the compass to determine bearings ; the barometer to weigh
the atmosphere and the hygrometer to ascertain its humi-
dity. From all these elements of Scientific calculation as
developed by means and instruments that speak no lan-
guage but that of truth, simple, and naked truth — unmov-
ed from propriety by envy, unswayed by the whisperings
of ambition — he ascertained and proclaimed that this spot
on which we here stand — this glorious summit, raised above
the scenes of a toiling and weary world, was the highest
land in the United States, East of the Mississippi River!
"Who then has a better right than he, to give it a name ? —
I^one ; hj all that is praiseworthy in honest labor, sacred in
truth and just in reward !
But what has convened this vast assembly ? What has
brought the people from their homes as far as the eye can
reach from this proud eminence over all the land below, to
gather here in solemn silence — seriousness impressed on
every countenance and reverence enthroned on every brow ?
The dwellers in vales and on the mountain tops are here.
The husbandman has left his plough ; the artisan his tools ;
the professional man his office ; the merchant has quit the
busy mart of trade ; the man of Science has closed the doors
of his study ; the student has laid aside his books to come
hither ! " The bridegroom has come forth from his cham-
ber and the bride from her closet," the Fathers and Moth-
ers of the land are here ! " Young men and maidens, old
men and children ;" and the ministers of the Sanctuary are
here to do honor to this occasion, and in this place no " un-
fit audience chamber of Heaven's King," to consecrate the
spot, as far as the act of man may, ''to deathless fame !" —
No martial music breaks upon the hearing, stirring the
hearts of men and gathering armed hosts in the serri-
ed ranks of battle ; no sound of the trumpet, nor voice
of prophet has collected this mighty concourse of living
men ! I never saw such an assembly : I never expect to
see the like again ! I never read of any thing in history
approaching its equal or its parallel, except the gathering
of the hosts of Israel on Mount Carmel at the call of Eli-
jah ! In the physical features of the scene here presented
to the eye, the proportions of grandeur and beauty more
than equal those of Carmel. The moral grandeur of the
object and of the assembly gathered by Elijah far surpass
ours. Indeed they were never equalled in our world ex-
cept when God descended upon Sinai and surrounded by
terrible emblems of power and glory proclaimed bis law
to liis people.
But wliat bas moved us, as by tlie spirit of one man to
be bere to-day ? From tbe banks of tbe majestic Mississip-
pi in tbe West, and from tbe sbores wbere tbunders tbe
Atlantic wave in tbe East, we bave met on tbis midway
ground. For wbat ? To do bomage to goodness, my
countrymen ! Some of us to pay tbe tribute of our love in
tears to tbe memory of one wbo was dear to us as a Fatber 1
Many of us wbo in years long past could appropriate tbe
language of tbe propbet in bebalf of Israel and say, "My
Fatber ! tbou art tbe guide of my youtb. ' ' All of us to testi-
tify our appreciation of merit and by one act to link for
ever tbe bonored name of Elisha Mitchell, witb tbis Mo-
narcb of Mountains. Here tben, and to-day, we commit to
tbe ground all tbat remains of bis perisbable body. Here,
in tbe face of Heaven, in tbe ligbt of yonder Sun, wbose
radiance beams brigbtly on tbis spot wben darkness veils
tbe world below, and tbe storm-cloud witb its fringes of
^e girdles tbe mountain waist, — in tbe name of trutb,
bonor, and justice; by rigbt of prior discovery; by merit
of being tbe first to claim tbe bonor of actual measurement
and matbematical determination ; by virtue of labors en-
dured witb unremitting patience, and terminated only by
deatb ; we consecrate tbis mountain by tbe name of Mt.
Mitchell and we call upon you to speak your approval and
say Amen ! Yes, we consecrate it — a monument raised
to tbe memory of Dr. Elisha Mitchell, to a fame,
" Unwasting, deathless and sublime,
That will remain while lightnings quiver,
Or stars the hoary summits climb,
Or rolls the thunder chariot of Eternal Time."
Here I migbt consider my undertaken task as finisbed —
tbe object of my long and wearisome pilgrimage as consum-
mated ; but I must crave your indulgence, wbile I endea-
vor in liuinble imitation of him whose deatli we deplore,
and whose virtues we honor, to improve even this occasion
to the practical benefit of my fellow men. Such, methinks,
would be his course, if he were living and called to act in
the circumstances under which I find myself placed. He
allowed no opportunity to pass unimproved, if by any
means he could employ it to the good of mankind. Little
did I think, this tkne last year, that I should be soon called
to ofiiciate at his burial — to see the doors of death opened
and then closed upon him, till the clangor of the Archan-
gel's trumpet shall break the silence of the grave, and the
dawn of the resurrection morn shall shed its light over all
the places of the scattered and slumbering dead ! But
God's ways are inscrutable — his wisdom unsearchable and
his judgments a great deep. Submission, trust and hope
are the virtues which his dealings with us evermore and
About seven years ago I stood by the tomb of Sir Wal-
ter Scott, the great Weird of the E'orth — the man whose
genius by a kind of magic influence held the world spell-
bound. His grave was made under an arch in the ruins of
Dryburg Abbey and covered with a plain slab of Sand-stone,
his name with the date of his birth and death inscribed up-
on it. His wife and eldest son reposed in death by his side,
one on the right, the other on his left. It was the most
melancholy-looking place I ever saw. The spirit of sad-
ness seemed to preside over the spot ; to utter its low voice
in the gentle and just audible murmurs of the Tweed ; to
breathe sighs in the light winds that whispered through the
trees and to brood over all the scene like a dull haze ob-
scuring the brightness of the sky. It seemed to me, as if this
great man had come to this secluded spot to lay down the
burden of mortality in mockery of the pride and vanity of
human expectations. It is well known, that his fondest
and most earnest desires were to attain the honors and ti-
ties of a baronetcy and to become tbe founder of an enno-
bled family. For tliis, liis vast and versatile powers were
taxed to tlie utmost strength, and even beyond endu-
rance. He seemed just on the eve of realizing his ardent-
ly cherished hopes. His literary fame was redolent with
the praises of a world of admirers. He attracted the favor-
able notice of his sovereign, and through the interest of one
and another, powerful in Court influence, he gained the
name of Baron. And very soon the vicissitudes of trade,
through which he hoped to acquire the means of maintain-
ing his newly conferred dignity, imposed on him the stern
obligation of laboring for his bread, and the liquidation of
the j ust claims of his creditors. Bravely he waged the battle
of life : But '' time and change happen to all ' ' and at last the
mightiest of all conquerers met him : and in his grasp he
yielded up life and all its promises of distinction, with as
little resistance as an infant oflers to the over-mastering
and crushing strength of a giant. For what purpose had
he lived and to what end had he employed the command-
in o- talents with which God had endowed him? It is
an accredited ma^sim, ^' de mortuis nil nisi bonum'' — that is
speak nothing derogatory of the dead. We accept the
aphorism, and mean not to deny its obligation in practice.
We would not take one leaf of pine or laurel from that
crown with which the suflTrage of a world has graced the
brow of Scotland's favorite son. But by suggesting a com-
parison between the works of the great Magician of the
Korth and the unobtrusive and patient labors of the Profes-
sor toiling for forty years in the Academic shades of Caro-
Una, in their acknowledged results upon human society, I
would add a modest and unpretending Forget-me-not to the
wreath which adorns the honored head of our beloved
We ask, how much have the writings of Sir Walter con-
tributed to the formation of correct principles of human
conduct, and enforced the obligations of virtue ? To the
entertainment of the world they have made a large contri-
bution. He has made Scotland classic ground. He has
converted her hills into mountains, her fresh ponds into mag-
nificent lakes, her rivulets into deep, flomng rivers. Every
thing he has robed with the colors of imagination ; but
when you come to look at the reality, you are astonished
to find that of all men, he has furnished in his descrip-
tions of men and things, the most striking, mai-vellous and
thoughtful exemplification of what his brother poet, Camp-
bell says, in the opening of his poem, on the Pleasures of
" Tis distance lends enchantment to the view."
His characters are unreal ; his estimate of the obligations
and standard of virtue, defective ; his exemplifications of
principles in practice, imaginary and very rarely such as
any judicious father could safely propose for the imitation
of his children. It is more than probable that there is not
a living man in the world, whose character has been fash-
ioned after the model which Sir Walter Scott has drawn of
the most brilliant conception which his iliind has realized
of human excellency. And herein lies the marked clifie-
rence between the practical teacher — the conscientious in-
structSr and trainer of the young, and the man whose con-
ceptions of life and its responsibilities are embodied in the
dreams of poetry, and in the thrilling and moving scenes
depicted in the descriptions of the writers of Romance and
Wlien we stand by the grave of Professor Mitchell we
feel that we are near the ashes of one who has labored and
striven conscientiously in the noblest and holiest of the
causes of humanity. That cause was, and is, and must ever
be, to develop and strengthen the intellectual powers in
alliance with efforts to cultivate and cherish and bring
into healthy action the moral affections; in a word to
educate the head and the heart at the same time. IN'ever
was there a greater mistake nor one more injm^ious to per-
sonal and relative interests, to social and puhlic weal than
to separate these and attempt to effect a divorce between the
intellectual and the moral in man. What sort of a creature
would a man be, if he had no heart ? 'No heart to feel for
another's woe ; nor to rejoice with them that rejoice ; and
never to weep with them that weep ; to have no word 'of
encouragement for the desponding ; no look of compassion
for the suffering; no hand to feed the hungry or clothe the
naked ; no promptings to go on errands of mercy to the
sick and dying ? Yet this is what the presuming wisdom
and arrogant spirit of this age has attempted in some of the
highest and, in point of mental furniture, some of the best
endowed institutions in our country.
With such a system Professor Mitchell held no sympa-
thy. Defective as all institutions founded upon Legisla-
tive patronage unquestionably are, in necessary provision
for teaching Christianity as a system of divine revelation for
the salvation of men, and that, in consequence of the petty
rivalries and mean jealousies of sectaries, who seem unable
to comprehend and embrace the enlarged and catholic
spirit of the gospel, and who would see every institution of
learning in the land crumbled into ruins rather than not
have a direct share in its management and government, — •
this defect in moral training founded on the recognition of
the great facts and doctrines of Christianity, so justly com-
plained of by parents, and particularly by religious parents,
in the education of their sons. Professor Mitchell, I
know, endeavored to supply by infusing the religious ele-
ment, as much as possible, into his instructions in the
lecture room, and more especially in his conversation
with those who were so fortunate as to win his perso-
nal regard. More than forty years have now elapsed since
he first entered the walls of the North Carolina Universi-
ty, and assumed the duties of the chair of Mathematics.
I was there then, an untaught, undisciplined and unsophis-
ticated youth. I remember what a deep impression his
commanding form, his noble brow on which mind seemed
enthroned, and his dark, lustrous eye made upon our young
hearts. Besides him there were the President, the vene-
rable Dr. Caldwell, Dr. Hooper, Professor of languages,
and two Tutors, the late Priestly H. Mangum, and John
M. Morehead, afterwards Governor of the State. Profes-
sor Olmsted, now of Yale, his '^Jidus et cants comes "
added his strength to the Academic Corps, some months
later. How many now living and dead whose characters,
as developed in the various departments of human life, have
the precepts and example of Professor Mitchell in the last
forty years contributed more than any other man's influ-
ence to form and develope !
Does any one ask where are the monuments of his labors ?
We answer they will be found among the members of the
Cabinet — among Senators in the Council Chamber — Rep-
resentatives in the Halls of Congress — Governors of States
— Judges sitting in the highest places of Justice — Legisla-
tors — Ministers to Foreign Governments — Heralds of the
Cross — Men of renown in all the departments of human
enterprise — Lawyers, Physicians, Professors, Schoolmas-
ters — a mighty array of talent, of learning and worth, the
influence of which is felt through all the land, and will con-
tinue to be felt while industry and knowledge shall be
honored, or gratitude find a name and place of esteem
Have not the recorded observations of mankind given
the character of an established and admitted fact to the as-
sertion that a man's future usefulness depends upon his
early associations ? and that the destiny of every human
being is written upon his heart by his Mother or by. his
Teacher ? If " the Boy is father of the Man," how much of
the excellency and usefulness of tliat manhood depends up-
on the wisdom, the sagacity, the care and the skill of him
to whom is entrusted the rearing and training of that boy!
Socrates was the teacher of Phito and of Aristotle, the
briglitest luminaries of the ancient heathen world ! And
of this last, Philip of Macedon, the w^isest monarch of his
day, and father of Alexander the Great, is said to have ex-
pressed his high admiration by writing, that he was not so
"thankful to the Gods for making him a father, as he w^s
for their giving him a son in an age when he could have
Aristotle for his instructor."
If the time permitted I could tell you, by the recital of
remembered instances, how Professor Mitchell's wise and
far-reaching care, his ever-present and friendly watchful-
ness and parental solicitude for the student, manifested
themselves in the lecture room, on public occasions, in the
social circle, and in the administration of discipline. Eve-
ry where, and in all things, he acted as if under an abiding
conviction, that he was forming the princij^les and char-
'detev of those to whom would presentl}^ be committed, not
only their own individual, personal happiness, but the
guardianship of the great public interests of the land, and
the momentous concerns of souls that would live when the
cares and turmoil of this world were ended. Thoughts
dwelling upon these responsibilities were ever present with
him, and words of instruction, of advice and of warning, as
the occasion served, mingled themselves in, and if I may
»o say, infused fragrance to, all his direct communications
with the young. I could tell you how he projected short
pedestrian excursions into the surrounding country for the
benefit of his class, in order that the}' might reduce the prin-
ciples of science which they had learned from the book into
practice ; and how his conversation always abounded with
striking and pleasant anecdotes, about men of other coun-
tries and other times ; intended by him not only to relievfes
the weariness of labor, but to serve as striking illustrations
of some moral truth spoken, or as incentives to persevering
effort, or to inspire a worthy emulation. I could tell you
how he was ever ready to relieve the difficulties of the stu-
dent, by patient efforts at explanation ; to unfold to him the
intricacies of mathematical calculations ; the mysteries of
science — its sublime truths, the use and the beauty of their
application — how he wrought for his improvem.ent from
the garnished heavens where myriads upon myriads of
worlds speak the Creator's glory, power and praise ; through
the rich and variegated fields which the science of Botany
displays, to the wonders of Geology with its mysterious
history and revelations, " graven with an iron pen in the
rock forever;" and to the marvellous discoveries which the
microscope makes in the insect world ; and from all these
departments brought forth stores rich and abundant, to en-
large and improve his understanding and mend his heart. —
A task so grateful to me, so justto his memory, and which, if
faithfully performed, might be so beneficial to the living, I
must leave to others having more time and better opportu-
nity to do it justice.
"Can that man be dead,
Whose spiritual influence is upon his kind ?
lie lives in ^.-lory ; and his speaking dust
Has more of life than half its breathing moulds. "
We must hasten to the performance of the melancholy du-
ties for which we have here met. His "record is on high !"
His memory, enshrined in the hearts of those who knew
him, shall live till this mountain which perpetuates his
name shall perish in the fires of the last conflagration.
We may pause a moment to speak of his death. Its cir-
cumstances are too well known to you all to make their de-
tail necessary. It is sufficient to mention that on the 28th
day of June 1857 he parted with his son to cross the moun-
tain to Thos. Wilson's.
A storm, not an uncommon event in this region at that
season of the year, arose and shrouded the mountain in
thick darkness. He wandered from his way, and never
reached the point of his destination. The fact of his being
missed and the consequent uneasiness of his son and daugh-
ter were soon made known to the hardy sons of this region ;
who, touched with the genuine feelings of sympathy and
humanity so characteristic of all people whose dwellings
are in proximity to Nature's grandest and noblest works,
assembled speedily and in large numbers to begin the
work of search for him who was missing, and whose visits
to their mountain homes, and whose affability of manners,
simplicity of deportment and instructive conversation had
gained for him a sure lodgment in their respect and in their
hearts. It mav indicate the sava2:e wildness of the reo^ion
to state, that this search was continued for ten days dili-
gently but without success. At length, at the end of that
time, perseverance and diligence, animated by affection and
led by love, were rewarded by the discovery of the body. —
His manly, breathless form was discovered in a deep, clear
basin of water at the foot of a precipice forty feet high, from
which he had fallen in the darkness of the night, when none
but God was ni^h. His noble features were not disfio-ured
and not a bone of him was broken. M^iat a death, my
hearers ! probably without a pang — without consciousness
of pain or suffering ! In the mysterious appointment of
Heaven, his hour had come, and his transition from the
mortal to the immortal state, was as rapid as the ascent
of Elijah, by a "chariot and horses of fire. " We know
not of the communings held with his own heart, in the
loneliness of that last walk upon the mountains, while the
storm-cloud wrapped its folds of darkness around him, and
the hoarse thunder uttered its loud dirge to herald the
passage of his spirit from the cares and toils of a weary
world, to the rest and peace of the better land. Did in-
stinctive fears alarm him, as all unconscious of danger in
his path, he approached the fatal ledge of the precipice ? —
We know not. Did any exclamation burst from his lips,
at the instant he became sensible of falling from its dizzy
height? God only knoweth. We only know that his life
had been such as to give to all who knew and loved him,
the precious consolation of hope in his death. We only
know that his name will hereafter be encircled with the
same halo that sheds its light upon the names of the Frank-
lins — the Andersons and the Kanes, who perished in pros-
ecuting their labors in the cause of science — in making
known the wonders of God's works, and the fruits of whose
efforts and cares were meekly and modestly laid at the foot
of the cross. I hold up the example of his life as embody-
ing the elements of precious consolation to his surviving
family and friends ; of animating encouragement to the
young, and of solemn warning to the living ; admonishing
them to remember, by a catastrophe never to be forgotten,
that "in the midst of life we are in death. ' ' I hold it up to his
children, as the strongest incentive that can nerve the heart
by sweet memories of the dead, to walk as he walked, in
virtue's ways. I take it to his now desolate hearth-stone —
to his widowed home, and unfolding there a life and con-
versation, all of which are treasured up in the deepest re-
cesses of the soul, I would say to the bruised spirit, in
remembrance of the rich mercies of the past, be comforted,
by all the kindling hopes of the future. Let the holy re-
collections of years gone — the path of life's pilgrimage, il-
luminated by the light which shone from a faith illustrat-
ed by good works — throw brightness over his grave ; con-
i^ecrate his memory; and spread the hue of Heaven's own
gladness over the bereaved and rilled bosom, in contempla-
ting the assurance of a happy re-union beyond the tomb.
As the traveller wends his weary way along the journey
of life, his eye, from many a distant point in his road, will
catch a glimpse of this lofty eminence, rising heavenward,
like a great beacon-light over the waste of mortality ; and
its name repeated by men who will ever be found dwelling
under its shadow, will remind him that here repose the
ashes of a great and a good man. In this palace of nature
— this vast cathedral raised by God's hand, where swift
winged winds mingle their voices with the dread sounds of
Heaven's thunder, we leave him — leave him —
" Amid the trophies of Jehovah's power
And feel and own, in calm and solemn mood,
That, ^tis man's highest glory, fo be good. "
OF THE PROPRIETY OF GIVING THE NAME "MT. MITCHELL,"
TO THE HIGHEST PEAK OF "BLACK MOUNTAIN':"
DELIVERED 16TH JUNE, 1858,
HON. DAYID L. S¥AIN, LL. D,
PRESIDENT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF N. C.
CHAPEL HILL :
PUBLISHED BY J. M. HENDERSON.
PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY.
The arrival of Professor Charles Phillips had been anxiously expect-
ed until the close of the ceremonies. He was, however, confined at home
by severe illness. At the conclusion of Bishop Otey's address, and before
the coffin was lowered into the grave President Swain remarked that the
duty of representing the University in these ceremonies had most unex-
pectedly devolved upon him. That the audience were aware, that his
friend and colleague, Professor Phillips, had carefully investigated the
points of controversy which had recently arisen with respect to the origi-
nal discovery of this mountain height. To the Professor's published pa-
pers he would refer for a more extended vindication of Dr. Mitchell's
fame than was necessary to his purpose.*
President Swain said that in relation to this question, he was very loth
to indulge himself in a statement even of facts within his own knowledge, or
susceptible of direct proof, by persons then present whose truthfulness no one
would question. That his reluctance arose not merely from a consciousness
of his inability to do the full justice to the subject, anticipated from Pro-
fessor Phillips ; but from a painful apprehension, that anything he should
say might serve only to mar the effect of the most touching and interest-
ing exhibition of filial piety he had ever witnessed. That the venerable
Prelate to whom they had all listened with so much delight, had at an un-
reasonably short notice, in the midst of pressing engagements, harassing
anxieties and cares, left the sick-bed of a near relative, and travelled six
hundred miles from the Mississippi to the Alleghany, to pay a tribute
of respect and afi'ection at the grave of an instructor, with whom his inter-
course began quite forty years ago. This simple incident is all the evi-
dence that need be required of the true character of the living and the
dead. It is an incident, with the attendant circumstances, such as has
never occurred before and will never occur again. The moral sublime is
in beautiful harmony with the surrounding scenery. He who of the race
of men first stood in life, is the first to find repose, in death, on the highest
ascertained elevation on the continent, east of the Mississippi. Of the lat-
ter distinction, no one can divest him. Of his right to the former, the evi-
dence is believed to be scarcely less clear and conclusive.
After referring to the fact that he was a native of the County of Bun-
combe, during five years one of their Representatives in the General As-
*See University Magazine for March 1858, pp. 293-318.
sembly, a resident of Asheville until 1831, and a citizen until his removal
to the University in 1836, President Swain remarked, that to the deceas-
ed he stood in a relation no less intimate and endearing. He was his pu-
pil in 1822, had been a Trustee of the University since 1831, and at the
head of the Institution since 1835. His friends Bishop Otey and Dr.
Wright, were class-mates, and their acquaintance commenced at an earlier
period, they had known him longer, but there was no man living who
knew him as well as he. For several years previous to, and during the
entire period of President Swain's connection with the University, Dr.
Mitchell was the Senior Professor. More than twenty years of daily in-
tercourse afforded the fullest and fairest opportunity to form a correct
opinion of his true character. He was a man of no ordinary ability, of
very unusual attainments in literature and science, of indomitable perse-
verance, untiring industry and unflinching courage.
It was natural that the sudden death of such a man should produce a
deep sensation in any community of which he was a member. But there
was a kindness of heart and amenity of manner, that had endeared Dr.
Mitchell to all within the range of hib associations ; and the manifestations
of grief by the Faculty, the Students, and the community, were heart-felt,
and universal. The rich and the poor, the bond as well as the free, men
women and children, united in the award of funeral honors to an extent
without a parallel, in the history of Chapel Hill.
Two days after the observance of the ceremonies upon the mountain, the
addresses of Bishop Otey and President Swain, at the earnest request of
the citizens of Asheville, were repeated at the Court House, to a large
auditory. The subjoined narrative, is more nearly a report of the remarks
of President Swain upon the latter, than upon the former occasion.
In the year 1825, in tlie city of Raleigli, while a member
of the Legislature from the County of Buncombe, I was in«
troduced to the late John C. Calhoun, then Vice-President
of the United States. After a playful allusion to my height,
which he said corresponded with his own and that of Gen-
eral Washington, he remarked that we could also congrat^
ulate ourselves on the circumstance, that we resided in the
neighborhood of the highest mountain on the continent,,
east of the Rocky Mountains.
The suggestion took me entirely by surprise, and I in^
quired whether the fact had been ascertained. He replied,
not by measurement, but that a very slight examination of
the map of the United States, would satisfy me it was
so. That I would find among the mountains of Bun-
combe, the head-springs of one of the great tributaries
of the Mississippi, flowing into the gulf of Mexico ; of the
Kenhawa, entering the Ohio ; and of the Santee and Pee-
dee, emptying into the Atlantic. That these were the
longest rivers in the United States, east of the Rocky moun-
tains, finding their way in opposite directions to the ocean,
and that the point of greatest elevation, must be at their
In June, 1830, in company with the late Governor Owen,
and other members of the Board of Internal Improvements
of the State, I descended the Cape Fear river from Haywood
to Fayetteville. Professor Mitchell of the University^
availed himself of the opportunity thus afforded for a geo-
logical excursion and accompanied us. In the course of
familiar conversation, I referred to the conjecture of Mr.
Oalhoun, in relation to the height of our "Western Moun-
tains. He intimated then, or at a subsequent interview,
his concurrence in opinion with Mr. Calhoun, and men-
tioned that the distinguished naturalists, the elder and
younger Michaux, had arrived at the same conclusion about
the beginning of the century, from very different data. —
They had found in the Black Mountain, trees and other
specimens of Alpine growth, that they had observed no
where else South of Canada.
In the summer of 1835, Dr. Mitchell made his first at-
tempt to verify by barometrical measurement, the accura-
cy of the opinions expressed by these gentlemen. His ex-
ploration was laborious, careful and patient. A subse-
quent explorer remarks '^ that at the time Dr. Mitchell be-
gan his observations, with regard to the height of the Black
Mountain, it was much more inaccessible than it has since
become, by reason of the progress of the settlements around
its base, so that he was liable to be misled, and thwarted,
by unforseen obstacles, in his efforts to reach particular
l^arts of the chain, and when he did attain some jDoint at
the top of the ridge, nature was too much exhausted to al-
low more than one observation, as to the immediate locali-
ty. " The accuracy of this statement will be most clearly
perceived and readily admitted, by those most familiar
■with the character of this mountainous region, then and
now. It is impossible for a stranger to form a clear con-
conception of the obstacles that were encountered and the
Dr. Mitchell's account of this exploration was published
in due time, and attracted very general attention at home
and abroad. There are few, even of the most obscure vil-
lage newspapers of that day, in which notices of it may not
be found. It was the first authoritative annunciation, that
the summit of the Bhick Mountain in Xorth Carolina, was
higher than that of the White mountains in ^ew Hamp-
shire, and the highest in the United States east of the Mis-
sissippi. The accuracy of the measurement was at first
controverted, but subsequently yielded by writers in Silli-
man's American Journal of Science, and has long since
ceased to be the subject of doubt.
The question that remains to be settled is of less impor-
tance, but it is believed, that its proper and truthful solu-
tion, is no less favorable to the deceased Professor's claim
to accuracy as a man of science — was the pinnacle measur-
ed by Dr. Mitchell in 1835, the highest peak of the Black
In 1839, an agent of the publishers of Smith's Geogra-
phy and Atlas, called upon me at the University, and re-
quested an examination of the work and an opinion of its
merits. On an intimation that it was not very accurate in
relation to the Southern States, and especially erroneous in
various instances with respect to ^orth Carolina, he re-
quested me to revise it at my leisure, and transmit a correc-
ted copy to the publishers. I complied. A copy of this
book is now before me, and on page 138, in the section de-
scriptive of Xorth Carolina is the following paragraph : —
" Mount Mitchell in this State, has been ascertained to be
the highest point of land in the United States, east of tlie
At the time I revised the Geography and Atlas, I re-
quested Dr. Mitchell, to mark upon the map of Xorth
Carolina, the highest point of elevation in the Black Moun-
tain range. " He did so, and I wrote against it " Mount
Mitchell." A copy of this corrected map " entered ac-
cording to an Act of Congress in the jenr 1839, by Daniel
Burgess, in the Clerks office in the District of Connecticut,"
is now in my possession. I have examined it carefully and
with all the aid to be obtained from Cook's map of the State,
and the knowledge derived from a recent \dsit to tlie moun-
tain, I am by no means certain, tliat if tlie maps were sub-
mitted to me a second time time for revision, I could make
a nearer approximation to accuracy in tbe delineation of
the highest peak, than did Dr. Mitchell in 1839.
The following Book IN'otice is copied from the Raleigh
Register of June 5th, 1840. The replies to the suggestion
of a name for the highest peak of the Black Mountain, ap-
peared in the Higliland Messenger, the first newspaper that
was established west of the Blue Eidge.
The Rev. D. R. Morally, D. D., extensively and fa-
vorably known as the Editor of the Christian Advocate
at St. Louis, Mo., one of the official organs of the Metho-
dist Episcopal Church South, was at that time a citizen of
Aslieville, and the Editor of the Highland Messenger. It
is perhaps proper to state that the article copied from the
Raleigh Register, was written by me, and that I am the
friend alluded to in the closing editorial of the Messenger.
The name of Mount Mitchell as "an appellative" of the
highest simimit east of the Mississippi had its origin in
[From the Raleigh Register, June 5th, 1840.]
smith's GEOaRAPHY AND ATLAS.
We took occasion, some weeks since, to direct attention to the very neat
and excellent Geography of S. Augustus Mitchell, and the admirable At-
las, by which it is accompanied. We have no disposition, in noticing the
work placed at the head of this article, to abate in the slightest degree the
high commendation we bestowed upon the labors of Mr. Mitchell.
It is due to Mr. Smith, however, to say, that a very vslight inspection of
his book will satisfy any one, that it will prove a dangerous competitor to
the whole tribe of candidates for patronage in this department.
The Geography is well written and what is quite as important, is very
accurate in its details, geographical and statistical. Like other School
Books by the same author, it is upon the productive system and well adap-
ted to the comprehension of the younger class of learners. Among the
pictorial embelishments, is a good representation of our new State House
and of the armorial device of the State copied from the Great Seal. In the
description of the State, Mount Mitchell is stated to be the highest point
of land in the United States, east ©f the Rocky Mountains. We are grati-
fied to see the reputation of the Senior Professor in our University estab-
lished upon so durable, firm and elevated a basis.
The mechanical execution of the book however, is decidedly inferior to
Mitchell's ; but such is not the case vrith the Atlas, vrhich is the neatest
and most accurate collection of maps for the use of Schools, vrhich has
fallen under our observation. The new counties, Henderson and Cherokee,
created by our last General Assembly, are delineated on the map of the
[From the Highland Messenger, .June 12, 1840.]
It seems that Mr. Smith, the geographer, and the editor of the Raleigh
Register, have taken " the responsibility " to inform " the whole world,"
that the Black Mountain in this County, is hereafter and forever to be
called Mount Mitchell, Now, inasmuch as this has been done without
once deigning to consult the good people of Buncombe, whose authority is
always higher, than any powers whatever at Haleigh (as they are some-
thing like a mile above them,) we hereby give notice to all whom it may
concern, and to all whom it may not concern, that Black Mountain is to
be Black Mountain as long as Buncombe remains Buncombe. If Mr.
Smith will publish another edition of his work, and consent to call Bun-
combe, Mount Smith, then we will consent to call the Black Mountain
[From the Highland Messenger, June 19. 1840 ]
It has been suggested to us that our remarks last week in reference to
the change of the name of the Black Mountain, were calculated to do in-
justice to the individual, to perpetuate whose memory the change of the
name had been proposed. It was certainly the farthest from our intention
to do injustice to any one, and particularly to detract in the smallest pos-
sible degree from the well earned, and well deserved reputation of Profes-
sor Mitchell. We penned the article in question, under the impression
that Mr. Smith had applied the name of Mount Mitchell, to the whole
mountain range, so well known in this region as the Black Mountain. —
The latter appellative has its foundation in nature, and is too old and too
well established to justify any attempt at substitution. The thought would
be preposterous. We are perfectly willing to concede the name of Mount
Mitchell to that particular point on the Black Mountain, which Professor
Mitchell, after a degree of labor and expense, which none other than a
genuine devotee of science would have incurred, demonstrated to be the
most elevated point of measured land east of the Rocky Mountains. We
say measured land, because we have long believed, and still believe that
there is one, if not two points, in the same range of mountains higher than
that one measured by Prijfessor Mitchell, from forty to sixty miles west of
the Black Mountain.
If Mr. Smith will, in the next edition of his work, use language a little
more precise than in his last, we will concede to him the right to pro-
nounce Mount Mitchell one of the peaks of the Black Mountain to be 6,476
feet in height, and the most elevated summit that has been as yet correct-
ly measured in the United States. In reference to this particular peak,
none wijl more readily or cheerfully unite in giving it the appellation of
Mount Mitchell than we. It is nothing more nor less than wliat the wor-
thy Professor is entitled to, as discovery is the foundation of right all over
the world to regions previously unknown, and a great proportion of our
geographical nomenclature will shoAv that it frequently gives title as well
as right. We shall, at a leisure hour, recur to this subject, and most re-
spectfully invite the attention of Professor Mitchell, and other scientific
gentlemen to the peaks, which, in our opinion, are much higher than those
In the meantime, an esteemed friend has kindly promised to procure
and transmit to us for publication the interesting article of Professor
Mitchell, on this subject, originally published in the TtaJeifih Register, and
aubsequently transferred to the " American jTournal of Science,*' conducted
by Professor Silliman.
During a visit to Aslieville in tlie summer of 1843, I
found tlie half of a large tract of land bounded for several
miles bj the extreme height of the Black Mountain, for
sale, and more for the purpose of becoming, in connection
mth my friend Nicholas W. TVoodfin, Esq., a proprietor of
Mount Mitchell, than for any other reason, I purchased
the moiety owned by W. B. Westall. Two years after-
wards, in June 1845, the tract was surveyed by jS'ehemiah
Blackstock, Esq. His son Robe-i: Y. Blackstock, was
marker, the late James P. Hardy, a member of the Palmet-
to Regiment who died a soldier's death in Mexico, and W.
F. Angel were the chain bearers.
On Wednesday the 16th June, in company with Bishop
Otey and many others, I took part in the funeral ceremo-
nies, at the re-interment of the remains of Dr. Mitchell, on
the highest peak of the Black Mountain. Among the per-
sons present were my old friend William Wilson, whom I
had not seen for many years, his cousin, Thomas Wilson,
the well known guide to the Black Mountain, who was the
first to discover the body of Dr. Mitchell, in the pool, at
the bottom of the Falls which bear the Doctor's name, and
ISTathaniel Allen, the son of Adoniram Allen. The two
latter are comparatively young men, and were children
when I ceased to be a resident of Asheville.
Bishop Otey and myself examined each of them careful-
ly and minutely in relation to the leading facts connected
with Dr. Mitchell's explorations of the Black Mountain,
and the fatal catastrophe which terminated his existence.
William Wilson stated, that he was never on the spot,
where we then stood, until the Summer of 1835, that then
in company with his friend and neighbor Adoniram Allen,
deceased,' he went there as the guide of Dr. Mitchell. He
entered into a detail of the leading incidents connected with
the difficult and laborious ascent of the mountain, pointed
out the route and referred to the most remarkable locali-
ties and objects, which then presented themselves on the
way. He stated that after the exploration of 1835, he had
never been on the top of this mountain until some time
subsequent to Dr. Mitchell's death ; when, hearing that a
controversy had arisen with respect to the pinacle then
measured, he determined, old and feeble as he was, to as-
cend it again, and had done so. He said that he recog-
nized, as he went up from point to point, the remarkable
places which had attracted his attention when he climbed
it with Dr. Mitchell. He had now gone over the same
route the third time, and entertained no doubt of the accu-
racy of his recollections. There is probably no one, whose
course of life and long familiarity with this range of
mountains, entitle his statements in relation to it to more
He referred repeatedly to young Mr. Allen, for confirm-
atory statements, in relation to the line and manner of as-
cent, which he had heard from his father, the late Adoni-
ram Allen, and was corroborated by him throughout.
Mr. Thomas Wilson and Mr. Allen united with the old
gentleman in the statement that this was the only peak,
known during many years to the citizens of Yancey, as
Mount Mitchell ; and that until recently they had never
heard the name applied to any other pinacle.
Mr. William Wilson mentioned in the course of his re-
marks, that during the time they were on the mountain,
Dr. Mitchell climbed the highest Balsam he could find, cut
away the limbs near the top of the tree, and after repeated
observations with the instrument he carried with him for
the purpose, said that the peak on which they were, was
the highest of the range. I examined the ttee to which
Mr. Wilson pointed as the one, or near the one, which Dr.
Mitchell climbed, and found the initials R. V. B., J. P. H.,
plainly carved in the bark. It stands within a few feet of
the newly-made grave of Dr. Mitchell.
On my return to Asheville, two days after parting with
Mr. Wilson, I met very unexpectedly with Mr. Robert V.
Blackstock, whom I did not recollect to have seen before,
but who, I am glad to hear, is worthy of his lineage. With
his father, i^ehemiah Blackstock, Esq., well known as an
accurate surveyor, a skillful woodman, and a man of intel-
ligence and integrity, my acquaintance began in my early
boyhood. The young man, on an intimation of my desire
to see his father, and examine the plat made for me in
1845, informed me that it was in Asheville, and that he
could probably supply the information I desired in relation
to it. He obtained it immediately. Directing my atten-
tion to the beginning corner, he traced the line from point
to point, until it reached the extreme height where Dr. M.
was buried, and the marked corner tree which Mr. Wilson
had shewn me, standing within a few feet of the grave. —
The following entries, copied from the plat, require no ex-
planation, for those familiar with such muniments of title.
"Mitchell's highest point, Balsam, E. Y. B., J. P. H."—
Here Mr. Blackstock remarked that at the time he cut his
initials upon that Balsam, he climbed either that tree, or
one standing near it, in order to obtain a more command-
ing view of the mountain scenery, and that when near the
top, he was surprised to find that limbs had been trimmed
away, and called out to his companions below : — "some one
has been here before us." Mr. B. was not on the moun-
tain, when the funeral ceremonies took place, and had, at
the time his statement was made, no knowledge of what
had occurred between Mr. Wilson and myself.
Mr. William D. Cooke's map of the State was published
in 1847. It is, in most respects, greatly superior to any
previous attempt at a correct topographical representation
of INTorth Carolina. He had access to such surveys of roads
and rivers, as had been made with a view to the internal im-
provement of the State, and preserved in the public offices.
No suiweys were made at the public expense to facilitate
his labours, and he received no assistance from the public
treasury. The enterprise was arduous, expensive and haz-
ardous ; and, under the circumstances, accomplished in a
manner highly creditable to his industry, liberality and
skill. There was no public survey to guide him in his at-
tempt to delineate this mountain range ; but there is no
evidence of any effort having been made to avail himself of
the best private materials, which might have rewarded
To attempt "to remove an ancient landmark," is both a
private and a public wrong. To transfer the name of the
discoverer of the interesting geographical fact, that the
Black is the highest mountain on the continent, east of the
Mississippi, . from the point designated by Smith in 1839,
and by Blackstock in 1845, and place it beneath the names
of a series of persons who in 1855 or subsequently, when
settlements had encroached upon the base, and paths had
been opened to the summit, with published data as a guide
for computation, may have successively measured a loftier
peak than their predecessors, is as inconsiderate as it is
Mr. Cooke cannot suppose that the point designated by
him as " Mount Mitchell," in 1855, and by Blackstock as
the "Party Knob " in 1845, is the summit that was meas-
ured by Dr. Mitchell in 1835. It is impossible for any one
to compare Smith's map and Blackstock's plat with Cooke's
map, and not perceive that it cannot be. The "Party Knob* '
rises near the dividing line between Buncombe and Yan-
cey. " Mount Mitchell," as delineated by Smith and Black-
stock, is in Yancey county, east of south from Burnsville,
and some four miles north of the Buncombe line.
Mr. Cooke may erase "Mount Mitchell" from his map,
if he chooses to do so — the continent does not bear the
name of its discoverer — but he will not be permitted to per-
petrate a double wrong, by placing the name of Dr. Mitch-
ell where neither the Doctor, nor any friend of his, ever de-
sired to see it.